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Chem

Chem

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Published by: Tryxiaa Ö Althea Jenn on Dec 10, 2012
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09/30/2014

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1.What type of processes and/or chemical change is observed in A, B, C, D, and E?The reaction that took place in part A was a single replacement reaction because Cudisplaced H in HNO.The reaction that took place in part B was a double replacement reaction. The bluecupric nitrate solution, reacted with sodium hydroxide to produce a blue precipitate of cupric hydroxide. The reaction that took place in part C was a decomposition reaction. The bluecupric hydroxide solid, ,was decomposed with heating into the black cupric oxide solid. The reaction that took place in part D was a double replacement reaction because Cudisplaced H, and SO displaced O.The reaction that took place in part E was a single replacement reaction. The zincreplaced the copper in cupric sulfate, forming zinc sulfate and solid copper.2.Why must zinc be added very gradually to the solution on procedure E?Adding zinc to copper(II) sulfate will result in a displacement reaction that will createthe copper metal to a solid precipitate. This reaction is quite exothermic, meaning it willgive off a lot of heat - enough to make it too hot to hold the reaction beaker in bare hands,hence the reason why zinc must be added very gradually to the solution. Another reasonis that, by adding the zinc slowly, youincrease the surface area of the zinc in contact withthe Copper(II) sulfate solution.3.What is the purpose of the test using ammonia solution?The purpose of the test using ammonia solutionis to confirm that the zinc wascompletely mixed with the copper(II). Testing for completeness is important because if you add a few drops of the solution to some ammonia and it turns blue, it means thatthere is still copper present. If you continue the experiment and the reaction is not yetcomplete, you will not end up with 100% copper recovery.4.Why must HCl be added to the solid after the reaction with zinc dust iscompleted?HCl must be added in order to remove the excess zinc.HCl will react with the zinc,since it is more reactive than copper, and produce a soluble zinc salt which can then berinsed away.5.Why is it not advisable to dry the copper directly over a Bunsen burner flame?

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