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19 Kinematic System and Operations of Milling Machines.

19 Kinematic System and Operations of Milling Machines.

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: PRASAD326 on Feb 04, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/14/2013

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Module
4General purposemachine tools
Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur
 
 Lesson
19Kinematic system andoperations of millingmachines.
Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur
 
Instructional Objectives
(i) State the basic functions and purposes of using milling machines(ii) Classify milling machines and illustrate their configurations(iii) Visualise kinematic system of commonly used milling machines andexplain its working principle.(iv) Show and briefly describe the various applications of milling machinesusing different types of milling cutters.
(i) Basic functions and purposes of using milling machines
The basic function of milling machines is to produce flat surfaces in anyorientation as well as surfaces of revolution, helical surfaces and contouredsurfaces of various configurations. Such functions are accomplished by slowlyfeeding the workpiece into the equispaced multiedge circular cutting toolrotating at moderately high speed as indicated in Fig. 4.3.1. Upmilling needsstronger holding of the job and downmilling needs backlash free screw-nutsystems for feeding.
Fig. 4.3.1
Schematic views of conventional up and down milling 
Cutting motionCutting motion Milling machines of various type are widely used for the following purposesusing proper cutting tools called milling cutters :
Flat surface in vertical, horizontal and inclined planes
Making slots or ribs of various sections
Slitting or parting
Often producing surfaces of revolution
Making helical grooves like flutes of the drills
Long thread milling on large lead screws, power screws, worms etcand short thread milling for small size fastening screws, bolts etc.
2-D contouring like cam profiles, clutches etc and 3-D contouringlike die or mould cavities
Cutting teeth in piece or batch production of spur gears, straighttoothed bevel gears, worm wheels, sprockets, clutches etc.
Producing some salient features like grooves, flutes, gushing andprofiles in various cutting tools, e.g., drills, taps, reamers, hobs,gear shaping cutters etc.Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur

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