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21 Methods of Mounting of Jobs and Cutting Tools in Machine Tools.

21 Methods of Mounting of Jobs and Cutting Tools in Machine Tools.



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Published by PRASAD326

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: PRASAD326 on Feb 04, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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4General PurposeMachine Tools
Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur
21Methods of mounting of  jobs and cutting tools inmachine tools.
Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur
Instructional objectives
At the end of this lesson, the students will be able to;(i) State the principles and conditional requirements of mounting jobs and tools inmachine tools(ii) Illustrate how the jobs (blanks) and cutting tools are mounted ina. Lathesb. Drilling machinesc. Shaping, Planing and slotting machinesd. Milling machinee. Grinding machines(iii) Point out the special requirements and methods on mounting job and cuttingtools in CNC machine tools.
(i) Principles And Conditional Requirements Of MountingJob And Cutting Tool In Machine Tools
The job or blank and the cutting tools essentially need to be properly mounted inthe machine tool for achieving desired performance of the machining system.The following principles are generally followed and conditions are maintained;
(a) while mounting the job or blank in the machine tool
appropriate selection of work holding device or system from theavailable resources depending upon;
configuration of the machine tool
shape, size and weight of the blank
kind of machining work to be done
order of dimensional accuracy desired
volume (number of same job) of production
correct location, strong support and rigid clamping of the blank againstthe cutting and other forces
easy and quick loading and unloading to and from the machine tool orthe holding device
proper alignment like coaxiality, concentricity etc. of rotating jobs
free flow of chips and cutting fluid
(b) while mounting the cutting tools
appropriate selection of tool holder and the method of mounting
proper positioning and orientation of the tool depending upon its
size and shape
proper alignment in respect of coaxiality, concentricity and machine toolconfiguration
accurate and quick locating, strong support and rigid clamping
minimisation of run out and deflection during cutting operationVersion 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur

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