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23 Semiautomatic and Automatic Lathes

23 Semiautomatic and Automatic Lathes

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: PRASAD326 on Feb 04, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/17/2013

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Module
4General PurposeMachine Tools
Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur
 
 
Lesson
23Construction,Operation and Toollayout inSemiautomatic andAutomaticlathes.
Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur
 
Instructional objectives
This lesson will enable the students ;(i) Illustrate the constructional features and uses of semiautomatic andautomatic lathes.(ii) Show the kinematic system and explain the working principles ofsemiautomatic and automatic lathes of common use.(iii) Plan and visualise tool layout for machining in semiautomatic andautomatic lathes.
(i) Constructional Features And Uses Of General PurposeSemiautomatic And Automatic Lathes.
Automation is incorporated in a machine tool or machining system as a wholefor higher productivity with consistent quality aiming meeting the largerequirements and overall economy. Such automation enables quick andaccurate auxiliary motions, i.e., handling operations like tool – work mounting,bar feeding, tool indexing etc. repeatably with minimum human interventionbut with the help of special or additional mechanism and control systems.These systems may be of mechanical, electro-mechanical, hydraulic orelectronic type or their combination.It is already mentioned that according to degree of automation machine toolsare classified as,
Non automatic where most of the handling operations irrespectiveof processing operations, are done manually, like centre lathes etc.
Semiautomatic
Automatic where all the handling or auxilliary operations as well asthe processing operations are carried out automatically.General purpose machine tools may have both fixed automation or flexibleautomation where the latter one is characterised by computer NumericalControl (CNC).Amongst the machine tools, lathes are most versatile and widely used. Hereautomation of lathes only have been discussed.The conventional general purpose automated lathes can be classified as,(a) Semiautomatic :
capstan lathe (ram type turret lathe)
turret lathe
multiple spindle turret lathe
copying (hydraulic) lathe(b) Automatic :
Automatic cutting off lathe
Single spindle automatic lathe
Swiss type automatic lathe
multiple spindle automatic lathesVersion 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur

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