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27 grinding1

27 grinding1

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Published by: PRASAD326 on Feb 04, 2009
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Abrasive Processes(Grinding)
Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur 
27Basic principle, purposeand application of grinding
Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur 
Instructional Objectives
At the end of this lesson the students would be able to(i) understand basic principle of grinding.(ii) recognize purpose and application of grinding.(iii) understand cause of development of force during grinding.(iv) understand variation of grinding characteristics with grinding conditions.(v) illustrate various methods of wheel conditioning.
27. Grinding
Grinding is the most common form of abrasive machining. It is a material cuttingprocess which engages an abrasive tool whose cutting elements are grains of abrasive material known as grit. These grits are characterized by sharp cuttingpoints, high hot hardness, chemical stability and wear resistance. The grits are heldtogether by a suitable bonding material to give shape of an abrasive tool.Fig. 27.1 illustrates the cutting action of abrasive grits of disc type grinding wheelsimilar to cutting action of teeth of the cutter in slab milling.
Fig. 27.1
Cutting action of abrasive grains
27.1 Major advantages and applications of grinding
A grinding wheel requires two types of specification
dimensional accuracy
good surface finish
good form and locational accuracyapplicable to both hardened and unhardened material
 Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur 

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