Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
0 of .
Results for:
P. 1
36 Non Conventional Machining

# 36 Non Conventional Machining

Ratings:

4.8

(10)
|Views: 640|Likes:

### Availability:

See more
See less

11/15/2012

pdf

text

original

Module
9
Non-conventionalmachining
Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur

Lesson
36Ultrasonic Machining(USM)
Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur

Instructional Objectives
i. Describe the basic mechanism of material removal in USMii. Identify the process parameters of USMiii. Identify the machining characteristics of USMiv. Analyse the effect of process parameters on material removal rate(MRR)v. Develop mathematical model relating MRR with USM parametersvi. Draw variation in MRR with different process parametersvii. Identify major components of USM equipmentviii. State the working principle of USM equipmentix. Draw schematically the USM equipmentx. List three applications of USMxi. List three limitations of USM
1. Introduction
Ultrasonic machining is a non-traditional machining process. USM is groupedunder the mechanical group NTM processes. Fig. 9.2.1 briefly depicts theUSM process.Slurry of abrasiveand waterVibration frequency f ~ 19 - 25 kHzAmplitude, a ~ 10 – 50
μ
mForce, FHornToolWork
Fig. 9.2.1
The USM process
In ultrasonic machining, a tool of desired shape vibrates at an ultrasonicfrequency (19 ~ 25 kHz) with an amplitude of around 15 – 50
μ
m over theworkpiece. Generally the tool is pressed downward with a feed force, F.Between the tool and workpiece, the machining zone is flooded with hardabrasive particles generally in the form of a water based slurry. As the toolvibrates over the workpiece, the abrasive particles act as the indenters andindent both the work material and the tool. The abrasive particles, as theyindent, the work material, would remove the same, particularly if the workmaterial is brittle, due to crack initiation, propagation and brittle fracture of theVersion 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur