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Native American Test Study Guide

Native American Test Study Guide

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Published by lockhartliz
This is my study guide for Ms. Prucell's Native American test, hope this helps!
This is my study guide for Ms. Prucell's Native American test, hope this helps!

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categoriesTypes, School Work
Published by: lockhartliz on Feb 04, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/15/2013

Ms. Prucell Native American Test Notes
\u2022
When the Europeans came over to the US the Native Americans spoke over 300 different
languages.
\u2022
The Native Americans were almost wiped out by Smallpox
\u2022
3 things that led to the decrease of Indian population
o
European Disease
o
Warfare
o
Treaties & Laws
\ue000
Forced schooling (Indian boarding schools designed to stamp the culture
and tradition out of the child)
\u2022
Timeline:
o
1786 \u2013 Reservations were established
o
1830 \u2013 Indian Removal Act
o
1838 \u2013 Trail of Tears
o
1924 \u2013 Indian Citizenship Act
o
1957 \u2013 Indians can vote in all states
\u2022
Oral Lit \u2013 lit read out loud, old literature, before writing.
o
Sound and tone is very important
o
Story is different every time
o
Symbolic/descriptive/rhythmic
\u2022
Myth \u2013 a story that usually takes place in a primordial time where there is usually
something bigger going on.
o
Teaches morals, explains things.
o
Animals are frequent characters
o
Dreams
\u2022
Reasons to study myth
o
Fun & entertaining
o
Teach character
o
Show similarities
\u2022
4 Central Questions Myth tries to answer
o
Creation
o
Order (cycles/seasons)
o
What is my purpose in life
o
Afterlife
o
Why is there evil in the world
\u2022
Sacred - Worthy of or regarded with religious worship, and/or respect.
Tribes
\u2022
Chinook
o
NW Pacific Coast, Columbia River
o
1st described in 1905 by Lewis and Clark
o
Known for trading
o
Didn\u2019t get along with Europeans
o
Salmon \u2013 1st salmon rite
o
Spirit quest
o
Creation of tribe myth
\ue000
Whale -> thunderbird
\u2022
Souix
o
Tiyopse \u2013 basic social group
o
Extreme Nature \u2013 harsh punishments
o
Omnipotent God Wakan
\ue000
Ghost Dance
o
Ate Buffalo & Wild Rice
o
Canada and North American Great Plains
o
Myth
\ue000
Creation \u2013 sun and moon get married, spider = trickster
o
Beliefs
\ue000
Lived on an island
\ue000
West = spirit world
\ue000
No supreme spirit
\ue000
No heaven and hell
\ue000
Buffalo was the highest spirit.
\u2022
Ojibwe
o
Minnesota/ Salt Lakes
o
Food: Wild rice, grain, veggies seasoned with maple sugar.
o
Birch was used in a lot of art.
o
Smoked a lot, found smoking to be a SACRED ritual.
o
Clan Animals \u2013 bear, crane, deer, ect.
o
Myth - Winnobojo
\ue000
Great fish can only be caught with feathers from a thunderbird, hides in a
burch tree = strong.
\u2022
Kwakiutl

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