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Study Transformers

Study Transformers

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Published by Keith Holmes

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Published by: Keith Holmes on Dec 10, 2012
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U.S. Department of the InteriorBureau of Reclamation April 2005
Transformers:Basics, Maintenance,and Diagnostics
 
 
 U.S. Department of the InteriorBureau of ReclamationTechnical Service CenterInfrastructure Services DivisionHydroelectric Research and Technical Services GroupDenver, Colorado April 2005
Transformers:Basics, Maintenance,and Diagnostics
 
 iii
PREFACE
Transformers have been used at powerplants since the inception of alternating-current generation, a century ago. While operatingprinciples of transformers remain the same, the challenges of maintaining and testing transformers have evolved along withtransformer design and construction. Modern transformers aredesigned to closer tolerances than transformers in the past. Thus,effective, regular maintenance and testing is even more essential tocontinued operation when traditional “overdesign” cannot be relied onto overcome abnormal conditions. The utility engineer must befamiliar with all aspects of maintenance and testing and make use of state-of-the-art tools and techniques for evaluating transformercondition. While on-line diagnostic systems and computerized testingmethods are very helpful, they are not a substitute for soundengineering judgment and expertise.This volume provides timely, practical advice to those seeking tobetter understand how transformers work, how they are bestmaintained, and how to test and evaluate their condition. It has beendeveloped with the assistance of Bureau of Reclamation engineersresponsible for operating and maintaining transformers at importantpowerplants in the Western States. Support and funding was providedthrough the Reclamation Power Resources Office in Denver and viathe Manuals and Standards development program.The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of all whocontributed.Hydroelectric Research andTechnical Services GroupDenver, ColoradoApril 2005

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