Had a lookNearly thereNailed it!
You need to know about the ﬁ rst cowboys, how they lived, and how their role changed.
The changing role of the cowboy between 1865 and 1895Who were they?
Cowboys were mostly young, singlemen. There were black American, Indian,Spanish and Mexican cowboys as wellas white Americans. Many were formersoldiers or drifters and some werecriminals on the run.
STETSON HAT:protects cowboy fromsun, rain and coldSPURS: worn by cowboys at all timesLARIAT or LASSO:for catching cattleHIGH-HEELED BOOTS:prevents feet slippingthrough stirrupsSADDLE: a cowboy’smost importantpossessionCHAPS: protects legsfrom vegetation, theweather and fallsBANDANA: pulled upover nose and mouthto protect cowboy from the dust whendriving cattle
What were they like?
Cowboys were tough, hard-working, hard-drinking men. On a long trail they were inthe saddle for between 12 and 24 hoursa day in all weathers. Although there wereother cowboys on a drive they could bemiles apart so it was a lonely life as well.
Jot down three differences between the role of cowboys on trails and the role of cowboys on ranches.Identify a key word to help you remember each difference.
What did cowboys wear?
Cowboys on trails
Seasonal work – hired for the spring round up ofcattle and paid off in the autumn.Work involved rounding up, branding and driving thecattle for hundreds of miles. They started fast andthen slowed to around 20 km a day for grazing.Cowboys had to work in all weathers and the LongDrive was especially dangerous (see page 59). They slept in the open air and cooked on campres.When not working, most cowboys spent their timein cow towns in saloons and brothels.
Cowboys on ranches
Full-time, year round jobs with one ranch owner.Work still involved rounding up, branding cattle anddriving them to market but over much smallerdistances.Dangers were far fewer although there was still therisk of wild animals and Indian attacks. They slept in bunkhouses and a cook preparedfood.Drinking and gambling were often banned onranches as were carrying guns and knives.
DRAFT - SUBJECT TO REVIEW
Revise_History SHP_REV_sample pages.indd 6117/04/2012 15:41
Edexcel GCSE History B - Schools History Project Revision Guide Samplewww.pearsonschools.co.uk/reviseedexcel