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The Now Generaction

The Now Generaction

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Published by Afra Suci

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Published by: Afra Suci on Dec 10, 2012
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08/19/2014

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IndonesianYouth:
TheNowGener'Action'
By
 AfraSuciRamadhan
ForallyouthinIndonesia,youarequiteluckythatthiscountrydedicatedanationaldayforyouthpledgeevery28thOctober.Atleast,youngpeopleinthiscountrygothistorical justificationfortheirrolesaspartofanation.Youthpledgedaycommemorationoftenexposewithanyceremonialmomentpayinghomagetoyouthmovementromanticism.Infact,therelationshipbetweenstateofthisnationandyounggenerationissuchalove-hate-loveconnection.Atonemoment,youthwasaninfluentialforceonfightingIndonesianfreedom,yetanothertimetolddifferentstory.Youthmovementwasaseriousthreatforstatusquobecausetheydemandedareform,arevolution,oraninnovation,whichwasnoteveryregimeexpected.Indeed,youthmovementhassignificantreputationinIndonesianhistoricaltimeline,everyperiodhasitsowngenerationfrom'class'of'45,'66,'77,tothelatestone'98.TheyouthinvolvementinthisnationendeavoralsoconstitutedonIndonesianYouthLaw,UUno.40/2009.IndonesiaalsohasMinistryofYouthandSport,whichintendedtohandleyouthempowerment.Theyouthspiritseemstobeadopted,butthefactwhetheryoungpeopleneedsarefulfilledwiththeexistingpolicyremainsunmapped.Whiletheyouthmovementinthenowgenerationisnotasprominentasbefore,youngpeople'contemporaryinitiativeinthiscountrycannotbeseeninthesamewaythatweseepreviousgeneration.Differentcontextandcircumstancesgeneratenewmodeofyouthmovement.Thepost-authoritarianyouthmightseemignorance,unprogressive,andprecarious,yetwithoutapretensionofrevolution,thisgenerationdorefineandreorganizesurroundingsandsociety.Whathappenedwithyouthinpost-authoritarianerawasunknownandrarelyuntold.Asifitwasanaftermath,thereseemsagapbetweenclassof'98and2000's,whichthrewtrivialspeculationsonthepost-authoritarianyouth.Somesaidthatthisgeneration(considerkidsthatwasborninthelate80s)didnotexperiencetheneworderoppressionsoiftheyinitiateamovement,theydon'tknowhowitfeelstohavecommonenemy,theonethattheirpredecessorfoughtover.Otheracclaimedthatcurrentyouthmovementdonotsharethesamegoal,theyareasegregatedmovementwithdifferentaims.Themostcynicalcommentblamedthepreviousregime'spolicy,whichwaslimitingyouthmovementwithseveralpoliciessuchasNKK/BKK(NormalizationofCampusLiving/StudentCoordinationCouncil).Asresultofrestrictedatmosphereanddogmaticschoolcurriculum,thisgenerationturnedintoconventionalandignorance.Theynolongerperceiveon-the-streetdemonstrationasastruggle,merelyasapointlessannoyingcrowd.Theyaretoobusymaintainingtheirscoreatschoolandjoiningatutoroutsideschooltoguaranteetheirnationalfinaltestscore.Besidesschoolrelatedpressure,theyalsobusywithmotorcycleclubgatheringorhangingoutinthemall.Indeed,mostofthemdidnotknowhowabusiveandlimitedtheformerregime,sincetheyliveinmoredemocraticconditionandhaveunlimitedmobile
 
internetconnectionstraightontheirhands.Thepoliticalparticipationofthisgroupisquitediminishedandtheyarelosingforcetoprotestanyunfavorablepolicyabouttheirowngroup.Howeverthesocialapathyamongyoungpeoplecannotbeseenasoneofmultidimensionaleffectofauthoritarianregimeonly,thisattitudecanbeseenasanexpressionoftheirdisappointmenttowardscurrentregime.Youngpeoplearenotthatblind,theyarefullyawarethatpreviousreformationattempthasfailed.Thefactthat14yearsaftertheneworderdownfall,theactualsituationofthiscountrydidnotevolveintobetterone.Corruptbureaucracy,violenceandconflictacrosscountry,unproductivegovernmentpolicyaffectedyoungpeople'perceptiontochangethesystemfromwithin.Theythoughtthateveryattempttoimprovethestatesystemwouldbeuseless.Thispessimismdiscouragedanyintentionorinitiativetoparticipateinpoliticalorsocialcause.Itisnottheyareignorancebutwhatactuallyhappenedwastheopposite,thegovernmentignoredthembyexcludingthisgroupinthepolicymakingorpoliticalparticipation.Furthermore,foralongtime,youthmovementisidentifiedwithstudentsandformalorganizationssuchasstudentcouncilfromsomeuniversitiesandorganizationsbasedonreligiousoraspecificethnicgroupaffiliation.Youthmovementinthiscountryalwaysassociatedwithstudentmovement.Evensomereligiousorethnicspecificgroupwasbasedoncampusorstudentgroup,suchasHMI(IslamicStudentAssociation),GMKI(IndonesianChristianStudentsMovement.Campuswasconsideredassignificantmediumtoinitiatesubversiveactionanddiscussprogressivediscourse.Yet,OneofseriousimpactsofNKK/BKKwasreducingtheradicaltensionofmilitantstudents.Slowlybutsure,campuslifewaslosingitsrebelliousimageanditbecameanordinaryspotforstudyingoracademicactivities.ThoseattemptsinparalyzingyouthmovementinIndonesiaalmostsuccessfullydestroyedthenowgenerationinvolvementinchangingthesystem.Butyoungpeoplealwayshadananswerforthiskindofagony;theywereborntoreshapingthecurrent.Post-authoritarianyouthnolongerconsideredcampusorstudentcouncilastheonlyoptionfortheirinitiatives.Asthesocietyismorefragmentedandtechnologyisexpanding,youngpeoplediscovereddifferentwaystosetupsocialchange.Now,theytendtofindaspecificissueorgoaltobetransformed,andthentheygatherwithlike-mindedpeopleasacommunityorloosegroup.Theystartfromsimpleandlocalcausebutrelatedwithgrandsocialissue,whichmostlytheytargetaspecificchangesinculture,identity,lifestyle,etc.Forinstance,spreadingtolerancethroughtheirartworkonthestreetordistributingfreemusicalbumthroughnetlabel.Somecommunitiesaddressmore'serious'issuessuchassexualityandreproductivehealthrights,anti-graft,orempoweringyouthindemocraticsociety.Asresultofinstitutionalrestrictionsuchaslegalstudentcouncilorformalstudent-basedorganization,thisnewyouthactioninitiativesbelieveinunofficialcollective.Thiskindofgroupallowsthecauseorissuetobeeasilyadoptedandreplicatedbyother
 
peopleindifferentareaswithoutafraidofbeingexclusive.Theyalsoenabledwiderparticipationwithsupportsfromsocialmediaandotheronlineengagement.Thus,thisformatislikelymoreinclusivethanformalattachmentfoundintheexistinglegalstudentoryouthorganization.Everyoneisallowedandinvitedtojointhemovement.Forexample,Berbeda&Merdeka100%,amovementfirstinitiatedbystreetartistcommunityisnowembracingallyoungpeopleandevenIndonesiancitizenacrossthecountrytoparticipatebytaggingorcreatingtheirowntoleranceandanti-violencemessageandspreadingitaroundtheirarea.Anotherexampleofyouthmovementthatbelongstoeveryoneis'1000KartuPosuntukPresiden'(1000PostcardsforPresident),whichdevelopedbyseveralyoungpeopletoencourageIndonesiancitizentoexpresstheirmessagetoPresidentSBYthroughcreativepostcardswrittenandmadebythem.Atglance,thesemovementsseemedfluidwithperipheralissues,butithastobeadmittedthattheypersuadedcommonpeopletothinkorjointheactionthatactuallyspokeaboutimportantissue,pluralisminthe'Berbeda&Merdeka100%'andactivatedcitizeninputtowardcurrentgovernmentinthe1000PostcardsforPresident.Thetrendofthisnewsocialmovementisstretchingoutacrosstheglobe.Justlike#Occupymovement,youthmovementinIndonesianowlocatedincivilsocietyorculturalspheresasamajorareaforitscollectiveaction.Thus,unlikepreviousmovementthatchallengedstateinawayofaimingcommongoaltoterminateneworderauthority,thepresentgenerationwentlocalintermsofthescopeofchangethattheywishtoobtain.Donotexpectthemtoomuchtoadvocatecopyrightissueintheparliament,becausetheypreferfindandelaboratethealternatewaytoenjoyanddistributeculturalproduct.Although,therearemanyyoungpeopleandyouthinitiativesdothepolicyadvocacyandtargetstructuralchange,thesenolongerappliedasmainconcern.Theirgoalsremainunpretentiousyetscattered,leavesomepeopleconfusedwhethertheycanbeclassifiedasasocialmovementornot.Forexample,thereis'IndonesianNetlabelUnion',anassociationofonlinerecordlabelthatadoptedcreativecommonlicenseindistributingmusicinIndonesia.Thissetofyoungpeopledonotfindtheexistingmodeofmusicdistributionfulfillingandonlyfocusingonprofit,sotheyinitiatedaninternetbasedrecordlabelthatreleasedunderratedtalentedbandsormusicianinIndonesiathroughcreativecommonlicense.Usually,allvisitorscandownloadthealbumsforfreebutstillconformtocreativecommonframework.TheirmaingoalisspreadingfreemusicfromIndonesiawithoutanyclaimtofightmainstreamindustry,theysimplycreatealternativeforpeopletoenjoymusicforfree.Withsimpleobjective,thismovementcouldtransform(oratleastofferotheroption)thewaypeopleenjoymusicasculturalproduct.Moreover,someyouthinitiativesevengograss-roottooutreachandempowerothergroupsofyoungpeopledirectly.Althoughtheyhavelimitedresourcesanddealwithsingleissue,somecommunitypassionatetoconducttrainingsorcapacitybuildingforcertaingroup.Thereis'NeedleN'Bitch',acircleofgirlsthatconcerningenderinequalityandwomenbodyissue.Thiscollectiveusefunandcreativeactivitiessuchasthreading,crafting,orelsetoshareconscienceofgenderissuesoranyissuerelatedto

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