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Ahnenerbe

Ahnenerbe

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Ahnenerbe
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
EmblemThe
 Ahnenerbe
was a Nazi German think tank that promoted itself as a "study society for Intellectual Ancient History." Founded on July 1, 1935, by Heinrich Himmler,  Herman Wirth,and Richard Walther Darré,the Ahnenerbe's goal was to research the anthropological and cultural history of the Aryan race,and later to experiment and launch voyages with the intent of proving that prehistoric and mythological Nordicpopulations had once ruled the world. Formally, the group was called
Studiengesellschaft für Geistesurgeschichte
Deutsches Ahnenerbe e.V.
("Study society for primordial intellectual history, GermanAncestral Heritage, registered society"), and was renamed in 1937, as
 Forschungs- und  Lehrgemeinschaft das Ahnenerbe e.V.
("Research and Teaching Community theAncestral Heritage, registered society").
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History and development
Heinrich Himmler, 
 and founder of the AhnenerbeIn January 1929, Heinrich Himmler was appointed the leader of the fledgling
 (SS). He launched a massive recruitment campaign that took the SS fromfewer than three hundred members in 1929 to ten thousand in 1931.
 Once the SS hadgrown, Himmler began its transformation into a "racial elite" of young Nordic males.
 
This was to be accomplished by a new bureaucracy: The Race and Settlement Office of the SS (
 Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt-SS 
) known as RuSHA.Himmler named SS- Obergruppenführer Richard Walther Darré to lead the organisation, which determined if  applicants were racially fit to be in the SS. This brought about a campaign meant toeducate the new applicants about their Nordic past through weekly classes taught bysenior RuSHA graduates using the periodical 
. On July 1, 1935 at Berlin
s SS headquarters, Himmler met with five racial experts
representing Darré and with Dr. Herman Wirth
,one of Germany’s most famous pre
-
historians. Together they came up with an organization called ―
 Deutsches Ahnenerbe
 — 
Studiengesellschaft für Geistesurgeschichte
‖ ("German Ancestra
l Heritage
 — 
Society forthe Study of the History of Primeval Ideas")
 — 
later shortened to its better-known form
in 1937. At the meeting they designated the official goal ―to promote the science of ancient intellectual history‖ and appointed Himmler as the sup
erintendent with Wirthserving as the president. Himmler appointed Wolfram Sievers 
 Reichsgeschäftsführer 
 (General Secretary) of the
 Ahnenerbe
.Wirth left the project at the beginning of 1937. On February 1, Dr. Walther Wüst was appointed the new president of the Ahnenerbe. Wüst was an expert on India and a deanat Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich,working on the side as a Vertrauensmann  for the Sicherheitsdienst (SS Security Service). Referred to as
The Orientalist 
bySievers, Wüst had been recruited by him in May 1936 because of his ability to simplifyscience for the common man.
 After being appointed president, Wüst began improvingthe Ahnenerbe: moving the office to a new headquarters that cost 300,000 Reichsmark,  in the Dahlem neighborhood 
of Berlin. He also worked to limit the influence of ―thosehe deemed scholarly upstarts,‖ which included cutting communication with the RuSHA
 The organization was incorporated into the Allgemeine SS (General SS) in January 1939.
Institutions
The Ahnenerbe had several different institutions or sections for its departments of research. Most of these were archeological but others included the
Pflegestätte für Wetterkunde
(Meteorology Section) headed by Obersturmführer Dr. Hans RobertScultetus,founded on the basis that Hans Hörbiger's 
 could be used toprovide accurate long-range weather forecasts,
 and a section devoted to musicology,  whose aim was to determine "the essence" of German music. It recorded folk music inexpeditions to Finland and the Faroe Islands, from ethnic Germans of the occupiedterritories, and in South Tyrol. The section made sound recordings, transcribedmanuscripts and songbooks, and photographed and filmed instrument use and folkdances. The lur,a Bronze Age musical instrument, became central to this research, which concluded that Germanic consonance was in direct conflict to Jewish atonalism. 

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