Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Human Trafficking, Sex Abuse and Slayings Persist in the Americas

Human Trafficking, Sex Abuse and Slayings Persist in the Americas

Ratings: (0)|Views: 9 |Likes:

The Human Trafficking Phenomenon of Modern Slavery in Latin America

The Human Trafficking Phenomenon of Modern Slavery in Latin America

More info:

Published by: Jerry E. Brewer, Sr. on Dec 11, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

09/17/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 
Editorial
 
Human Trafficking, Sex Abuse and SlayingsPersist in the Americas
Written by Jerry Brewer
Although the term "femicides" has been colloquially defined as "the systematic killing of womendue to their gender", there are a myriad of scholarly and political opinions in defining anddescribing the staggering death statistics that continue to manifest the deception, abduction, ritualabuse, exploitation, and carnage of women in Latin America. The term "people smuggling"shares a difference from the term human trafficking that has been described as voluntary, coverttransport from one location or country to another. In most situations, there may not be anydeception involved in this agreement. Freedom for the smuggled party to continue on their wayat the agreed to destination is usually permitted.Human trafficking is described as a "crime against humanity." The act generally involveselements of (and/or) abduction, recruiting, transporting, transfer, harboring or "receipt of personsby means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power ...," as defined by the United Nations (UNODC). This, mainlyfor the purpose of exploitation.The US Department of Justice reports that "eight in ten human trafficking cases involve the sexindustry; the others involve labor trafficking". Moreover, they state that human trafficking has
 
become the second-fastest-growing criminal industry -- "just behind drug trafficking". Annually,human trafficking worldwide is estimated to be around US$40 billion.As far back as 2006 the numbers of those trafficked for sexual exploitation numberedapproximately 800,000, according to U.S. Government sponsored research. This figure did notinclude "millions trafficked within their own countries". Approximately 80 percent of transnational victims are women and girls, and up to 50 percent are minors. These numbers alsodo not include "millions of both males and females globally who are trafficked within their ownnational borders -- the majority for forced or bonded labor".Mexico has not been immune to such shameful misery. Since 2000 more than 3,800 women andyoung girls were murdered in Mexico, and many remain missing. Guatemala also finds itself facing the horrors of femicides.In Guatemala City, Guatemala, femicides have claimed the lives of nearly 2,200 women andgirls since 2001. Women live in constant fear of being snatched from the streets by gangs, orforced off buses at gunpoint into empty lots. The majority of victims of femicides have beendescribed as virtually unrecognizable, due to torture and sexual mutilation.However, there is nothing complicated about describing many of the crime scenes in whichwomen's bodies are recovered from alleyways and rubbish dumps.Many of these murders go beyond the typical aspects of murder investigation. The "overkill anddepersonalization" of these victims is generally attributed to psychopathic personalities.However, with skilled homicide investigation methodologies utilized, consistent patterns andtechniques of similar modus operandi could be attributed to serial killers as an example of themindset in this enigma.Within Latin America the death toll attributed to femicides alone, from a profiling standpoint,can be simply described as the acts of recreational, hedonistic or lust murderers. These areindividuals who hunt and kill human prey for personal enjoyment.Many police officials in Mexico, Guatemala, and other regions are quick to minimize thewomen's murders by saying that the death rates overall in their respective nations are higher formen. Although not wrong, what they fail to acknowledge is the differences in the manner of death.A clear and different dimension exists in these ferocious attacks and murders in which many of the women were abducted, held captive for days and subjected to humiliation, torture and themost horrific sexual violence before dying, often as a result of asphyxiation caused bystrangulation -- or from being beaten. Their bodies found days or years later, hidden amongrubble or abandoned in deserted areas near cities. In Mexico, officials continue to locate massgraves of murdered and tortured migrant workers and kidnap victims, as well as gang rivals.Victims of femicides are part of a much more prolific conundrum. In fact, many social scientistsdescribe this femicides enigma as a result of women being categorized as "expendable, usable,

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->