being implemented in local communities have no explicit gender design measures,and fail to recognize women’s needs and to directly benefit them.To avoid this, gender analysis should be at the forefront in designing any programor project addressing climate change. This can be done by integrating genderanalysis to existing climate change
approaches, methods and tools(e.g. Vulnerability to Resilience, Community-Based Risk Screening Tool: Adaptationand Livelihoods (CRiSTAL), Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis, ClimateSmart Disaster Risk Management, Ecosystem-based Adaptation and Local AdaptiveCapacity Framework) to ensure that programs and projects are gender-responsive.For example, CRiSTAL
is a tool that integrates risk reduction and climate changeadaptation into community-level projects. It collects information on the climaterelated-hazards in the community; the livelihood resources affected by theseclimate hazards; and the importance of these livelihood resources in implementingcommunity coping strategies. However, it fails to take into consideration genderdifferences in its approach. Integrating gender tools (i.e. gathering sex-disaggregated data, examining the gender-division of labor; and determining whohas access and control over community resources) will enable project managers tobetter understand how men and women in the community are differently affectedby climate change and, as a result, design and implement measures that wouldimprove both men and women’s adaptive capacity and reduce their vulnerability.While gender-specific interventions may vary depending on the nature of theproject and the sector focus, building women’s skills and providing them withaccess to resources help ensure that adaptation measures implemented in thecommunity are gender-responsive. In the agriculture sector where women usuallymanage small farms, providing women with access to crop insurance, short-termcrops, and rice banks will help them better respond to production losses broughtabout by climate change.
In the same manner, gender measures can be incorporated in
such as the Reduced Emission from Deforestation and ForestDegeneration (REDD)
by building the capacity of women to participate effectivelyin REDD negotiations and processes, and recognizing their role in natural resourcesmanagement. A community forestry REDD project implemented in Oddar Meanchayby Pact, an international NGO, has taken on this approach by supporting (i) genderequity in participation and decision-making, (ii) forest tenure and gender-differentiated access to forest resources, and (iii) knowledge and skills/capacities,and equity in benefit-sharing
REDD is a mechanism established to create a monetary value to the carbon stored in forests, and offer incentivesto developing countries to reduce emissions from forest lands and invest in low-carbon paths to sustainabledevelopment.
The Project involves 13 community forestry groups, comprised of 58 villages, which protect 67,783 hectares of forestland in the Northwestern province of Oddar Meanchey. The Project will be one of the first to use a newmethodology and be submitted under both the Voluntary Carbon Standard and the Climate Community andBiodiversity Alliance guidelines. The project is expected to sequester 7.1 million metric tons of CO2 over 30 years.