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FSC Math EX_4.3

FSC Math EX_4.3

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Published by: jindafridi on Dec 11, 2012
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yx5 10 15 –5 –1051015 –5
(-2,4)(5,11)
 
yx5 10 –5510 –5
(3,-2)(2,7)
yx5 10 –5510 –5
(4,6)(4,8)
mathcity.org
Merging man and maths 
 
Exercise 4.3 (Solutions)
 
Calculus and Analytic Geometry, MATHEMATICS 12
Available online @ http://www.mathcity.org, Version: 1.1.2
 
³
Inclination of a Line:
The angle
(0180)
a a
£ <
o o
measure anti-clockwise from positive
 x
-
axis to the straight line
l
is called
inclination
of a line
l
.
³
Slope or Gradient of Line
 The slope
m
of the line
l
is defined by:tan
m
a
=
 If 
11
(,)
 A x y
and
22
(,)
 B x y
be any twodistinct points on the line
l
then
2121
 y ym x x
-=-
1212
 y y x x
-=-
 
See proof on book at page: 191
³
Note:
 
l
is horizontal, iff 
0
m
=
 
(0)
a
=
o
Q
 
l
is vertical, iff 
m
=¥
i.e.
m
is not defined.
(90)
a
=
o
Q
 If slope of 
 AB
= slope of 
 BC 
, then the points ,
 A B
and
are collineari.e. lie on the same line.
³
Theorem
 The two lines
1
l
and
2
l
with respective slopes
1
m
and
2
m
are(i)
 
Parallel iff 
12
m m
=
 (ii)
 
Perpendicular iff 
12
1
m m
= -
or
12
1
mm
= -
 
³
Question # 1(i)
(2,4)
-
; (5,11)
 
Slope
2121
 y ym x x
-=-
 11452
-=+
 717
= =
 Since
tan1
m
a
= =
 
1
tan(1)
a
-
Þ =
45
=
o
 
(ii)
(3,2)
-
; (2,7)Slope
2121
 y ym x x
-=-
 7223
+=-
 991
= = --
 Since
tan9
m
a
= =-
 tan9
a
Þ - =
 
( )
tan1809
a
Þ - =
 
( )
1
180tan9
a
-
Þ - =
 
1808340
a
¢Þ - =
o
 
1808340
a
¢Þ = -
o
 
9620
a
¢Þ =
o
 
(ii)
(4,6) ; (4,8)Slope
2121
 y ym x x
-=-
8644
-=-
20
= =¥
 Sincetan
m
a
= =¥
 
1
tan()
a
-
Þ = ¥
90
=
o
 
 Bx
2
y
2
 
()
 , Ax
1
y
1
 
()
 ,
a
 
 
 
FSc-II / Ex. 4.3 -
2
 
 A B
³
Question # 2
Since (8,6)
 A
, (4,2)
 B
-
and (2,6)
- -
are vertices of triangle therefore
(i)
Slope of side
 AB
=264148123
- -= =- - -
 Slope of side6284242
 BC 
- - -= = = -- +
 Slope of side6612682105
CA
+= = =+
 
(ii)
Let ,
 D
and
are midpoints of sides
 AB
,
 BC 
and
CA
respectively.
 
ThenCoordinate of 8462,22
 D
- +æ ö=ç ÷è ø
48,22
æ ö=ç ÷è ø
( )
2,4
=
 Coordinate of 4226,22
 E 
- - -æ ö=ç ÷è ø
64,22
- -æ ö=ç ÷è ø
( )
3,2
= - -
 Coordinate of 286660,,2222
- + - +æ ö æ ö= =ç ÷ ç ÷è ø è ø
( )
3,0
=
 Hence Slope of median
 AE 
=
 2683811
- - -=- - -
811
=
 Slope of median022347
 BF 
- -= =+
 Slope of median461052242
CD
+= = =+
 
(iii)
Since altitudes are perpendicular to the sides of a triangle therefore
 
Slope of altitude from vertex111slope of side 44
 A BC 
- -= = =-
 Slope of altitude from vertex1156slope of side 65
 B AC 
- -= = =-
 Slope of altitude from vertex1131slope of side3
 AB
- -= = = -
 
³
Question # 3
 
(a)
Let (1,3)
 A
- -
, (1,5)
 B
and (2,9)
be given pointsSlope of 5384112
 AB
+= = =+
 Slope of 9544211
 BC 
-= = =-
 Since slope of 
 AB
=
slope of 
 BC 
 Therefore ,
 A B
and
lie on the same line.
(b) & (c)
 Do yourself as above
 (d)
Let (,2),(,)
 A a b B c a b
+
and (2,2)
C c a a
-
be given points.Slope of ()2
a b b a b ABc a c a
+ - -= =- -
 Slope of 2()2(2)2
a a b a a b a b BC c a c c a c c a
- + - - -= = =- - - - -
 Since slope of 
 AB
=
slope of 
 BC 
 Therefore ,
 A B
and
lie on the same line.
 A B D E  A B
 
 
FSc-II / Ex. 4.3 -
3
 
³
Question # 4
Since (7,3)
 A
, (,6)
 B
-
, (4,5)
-
and (6,4)
 D
-
 Therefore slope of 
1
63977
 AB mk
- - -= = =- -
 Slope of 
2
45116422
CD m
- -= = = =- + -
 
(i)
If 
 AB
and
CD
are parallel then
12
m m
=
 9172
-Þ =-
187
Þ - = -
 187
Þ = - +
 
11
Þ =-
 
(ii)
If 
 AB
and
CD
are perpendicular then
12
1
m m
= -
 91172
-æ öæ öÞ = -ç ÷ç ÷-è øè ø
92(7)
Þ - = - -
 9214
Þ = -
291423
Þ = + =
 232
Þ =
 
³
Question # 5
Since (6,1),(2,7)
 A B
and (6,7)
- -
are vertices of triangle thereforeSlope of 
 AB
 
1
71632642
m
-= = = =-- -
 Slope of 
 BC 
 
2
771276284
m
- - -= = = =- - -
 Slope of 
CA
 
3
178266123
m
+= = = =+
 Since
13
32123
m m
æ öæ ö= - = -ç ÷ç ÷è øè ø
 
Þ
The triangle
 ABC 
is a right triangle with
90
m A
Ð =
o
 
³
Question # 6
Let (,)
 D a b
be a fourth vertex of the parallelogram.Slope of 21312793
 AB
+= = = -- - -
 Slope of 422123
 BC 
-= =+
 Slope of 41
bCDa
-=-
 Slope of 17
b DAa
- -=-
 Since
 ABCD
is a parallelogram thereforeSlope of 
 AB
=
Slope of 
CD
 1431
ba
-Þ - =-
(1)3(4)
a b
Þ - - = -
 13120
a b
Þ - + - + =
3130.............()
a b i
Þ - - + =
 Also slope of 
 BC 
=
slope of 
 DA
 2137
ba
- -Þ =-
2(7)3(1)
a b
Þ - = - -
14233
a b
Þ - =- -
 142330
a b
Þ - + + =
23170.............()
a b ii
Þ - + + =
 
 A
(7,-1)
B
(-2,2)
(1,4)
 D
(a,b)
REMEMBER
The symbols(
i
)
P
stands for ‘parallel”(
ii
)
P
stands for “not parallel”(
iii
)
^
stands for “perpendicular”

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