11.Devise a subheading for each paragraph summarising the key message.12.Highlight the key sentences/words in each paragraph.13.Reduce the text to five sentences, then five words and then one word.14.Sequence a list of points from most important to least important.15.Restructure key information into a different format e.g. spider-diagram,bullet points, flow diagram, labelled picture, time-line.16.Just a minute – students talk on a topic for a minute without repetition,hesitation etc.17.Write 5 top tips/golden rules for…18.Choose from statements on the board. Which are true and false? Which bestsummarise the text/chapter/key ideas?
19.Write questions around the margin of the text – questions about themeaning, questions to the author etc.20.Hot-seat the author/character.21.Pairs/groups devise questions to test other pairs/groups.22.Give students the answers – what are the questions?
23.Text sequencing – reconstructing a text which has been cut into chunks.24.Narrative map/flow diagram of events/ideas in a text.25.Graphs to show the narrative structure of a key episode/chapter and thechanging levels of humour, tension or drama.26.Log the structure onto a grid e.g point/evidence grid, cause/effect grid,argument/counter-argument.