5started in 1978. Furthermore, the study of these refugees inPakistan should be studied in the particular prism of Pak-Afghanrelations, which is itself a tragic history of incompatibility arisingfrom a colonial past, from dissimilarities of the two peoples’approaches regarding regional and global issues, and fromconsistent denial of each other‘s view points which would be vitalto a meaningful relationship between them. As such, pre-existinglegal or logical principles fail to resolve these disputes the waythey might have in the case of any other two nations. This beingthe case, Pakistanis and the Afghans have been living in a state of constant tension and suspicion since the creation of Pakistan in1947.Despite the many commonalties between Pakistan andAfghanistan, i.e. the ties of a common border 2250 KM long, aswell as those of religion, history, heroes, language(s), and culture,the political elite of both the respective countries, somehow failedto develop close and cordial relations with each other before therise of
government in Afghanistan. Some of the causesof their estrangement were deeply rooted: in the colonial era of theAnglo-Russian rivalry (the ‘Great Game’); in the Anglo-AfghanWars; in humiliating treaties;
in the Pashtunistan issue; and in theCold War rivalry between the two superpowers.
Afghan Revolution and the Influx of Refugees intoPakistan:
In the immediate aftermath of the Soviet militaryintervention in Afghanistan towards the end of 1979, the war clouds in the neighboring country might well have been a blessingfor Islamabad. Pakistan was then relatively isolated internationally.Relation between Washington and Islamabad had reached their