FM200 - GI7/6/02
In gases the spacing is large enough so that intermolecular forces are very small; molecules arebasically oscillating with large amplitudes and collisions are common.
ELATIONSHI P AND
IQUID AND A
VVolume Vvapour pressureat 31.1
Ccritical temperaturevapourgasvapour liquidideal gas lawabove 32
C remainsa gas at all pressuresABCDPressure
At A, pure gas. As pressure increases, liquefaction commences at B. All gas liquefied by C.Constant pressure along BC is the vapour pressure. Steepness of curve CD is evidence of thefact that a liquid is not easily compressed.
The maximum temperature at which a gas can be liquefied is the criticaltemperature, and the corresponding pressure the critical pressure.E.g. For CO
C and 75 atmospheres