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Engineer

Engineer

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Published by: bd87gl on Dec 13, 2012
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12/13/2012

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State the vertex and focus of the parabola having the equation
(
 y
 
 – 
3)
2
= 8(
 x
 
 – 
5)
.
 
Comparing this equation with the conics form, and remembering that the
h
always goes with the
 x
 and the
always goes with the
 y
, I can see that the center is at
(
h
,
) = (5, 3)
. The coefficient of the
unsquared 
part is
4
 p
; in this case, that gives me
4
 p
= 8
, so
 p
= 2
. Since the
 y
part is squaredand
 p
is positive, then this is a sideways parabola that opens to the right. The focus is inside theparabola, so it has to be two units to the right of the vertex:
 
vertex:
(5, 3)
; focus:
(7, 3)
 
 
State the vertex and directrix of the parabola having the equation
(
 x
+ 3)
2
=
 – 
20(
 y
 
 – 
1)
.
 
The temptation is to say that the vertex is at
(3, 1)
, but that would be wrong. The conics form of the equation has
subtraction 
inside the parentheses, so the
(
 x
+ 3)
2
is really
(
 x
 
 – 
(
 – 
3))
2
, and thevertex is at
(
 – 
3, 1)
. The coefficient of the
unsquared 
part is
 – 
20
, and this is also the value of 
4
 p
,so
 p
=
 – 
5
. Since the
 x
part is squared and
 p
is negative, then this is a regular parabola thatopens downward. This means that the directrix, being on the outside of the parabola, is five unitsabove the vertex.
 
vertex:
(
 – 
3, 1)
; directrix:
 y
= 6
 Find the equation of the ellipse which has a minor axis of length 8 and a vertex at (0,-5).AnswerWe conclude that
a
=5
and
b
=4
. So the equation of the ellipse is:
 x
2
16+
 y
2
25=1
 
 
Sketch the ellipse with equation
(
 x
−1)
2
25+(
 y
+2)
2
9=1
 AnswerWe first observe that the centre of the ellipse will be at
(1,−2)
. The major axis will have length
10
(since
a
=5
) and the minor axis will be length
6
(since
b
= 3).So the sketch is:e solve the 2 equations simultaneously by substituting the expression
 y
=
 x
−1
 into the expression
 x
2
+
 y
2
 x
−3
 y
=0
 [See some background to this at: Algebraic Solution of Systems of Equations.] We have:
 x
2
+(
 x
−1)
2
 x
−3(
 x
−1)=0
 
 x
2
+
 x
2
−2
 x
+1−
 x
−3
 x
+3=0
 

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