Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
19Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Duplex Stainless Steels, Microstructure, properties and applications

Duplex Stainless Steels, Microstructure, properties and applications

Ratings: (0)|Views: 2,463|Likes:
Published by Yasin Sukan
Robert N Gunn Duplex Stainless Steels, Microstructure, properties and applications 1997.pdf
Robert N Gunn Duplex Stainless Steels, Microstructure, properties and applications 1997.pdf

More info:

Published by: Yasin Sukan on Dec 13, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/01/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Duplexstainlesssteels
 
1
Developments,grades
and
specifications
1.1
Historicaldevelopments
Stainlesssteels
weredevelopedduringthe
first
decades
of
thetwentiethcentury
in
theUnited
Kingdom
and
Germany.
The
earliestgrades
were
martensitic
and
ferriticFe-Crsteels,
but
quitesoonthe
austenitic
Fe-Cr-Nisteels
becamethe
largestgroup.
The
growth
of
theaustenitic
alloys
stemmed
from
their
easeof
production
and
fabrication,
particularly
welding.
Minimum
carbon
levels
werehigh
(around
0.08
%),
due
to
the
existingfurnaces
and
refiningtechniques.
Thismadethe
steelssensitivetograin
boundary
carbide
precipitationduringheattreatment
and
welding,
and
sensitiveto
intergranular
corrosionattack.A
duplex
alloyisdefinedasone
that
containsatwo-phasestructure
and
is
more
oftena
descriptor
ofanalloy
wherebothphases
are
present
insignificantquantities.In
the
context
of
this
book,
theterm
duplex
stainlesssteelcoversferritic/austeniticFe-Cr-Nialloys
with
between
300/0
and
700/0
ferrite.
The
firstreferenceto
such
alloys
appears
in
1927,
when
Bain
and
Griffith'
published
data
onferritic:austeniticstructures.
Withinthenext
fewyears,severalfoundries
in
France,Germany,
Swedenand
the
USA
explored
such
steels,
initially
in
the
castform.Possibly
the
firstcommercial
product
datesfrom1929
2
when
AvestaJernverk
produced
agrade
called
453E
with
approximatecomposition
25
%Cr-5
%Ni.
Soon
after
in
1932
and
1933amodifiedgrade
with
250/0Cr-50/0Ni-1
%Mo
(grade
453S)
was
marketed.Applications
included
coolersof
the
Brobeck
type
(plate
and
forgings),autoclavesfor
gunpowder
production
(castings)
and
valvesfor
sulphite
pulping
(castings).
Anotherrecord
ofearly
duplex
products
dates
back
to1933,
whenan
error
duringthe
melting
ofan18
%Cr-9%Ni-2.5
%Mo
gradeat
theFirminy
worksof
the
J.HoltzerCompany,France,
led
toa20
0/oCr-8
%Ni-2.5%Mo
steel.
Subsequent
analysis"of
the
casting
found
it
had
a
highvolume
fractionofferritein
an
austenitic
matrix
1


Activity (19)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
Louis_Myers liked this
Soo Chyi liked this
essnelson liked this
sreeprs liked this
zhangjl liked this
sreeprs liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->