DIRECTORATE-GENERAL FOR EXTERNAL POLICIES
The EU automotive sector in a globalised market
Over the past decade, the global car industry has undergone a gradual but significant shift insales and production numbers from developed into developing markets. This shift hasplunged many European car manufacturers into a particularly difficult structural crisis as theyhave had to grapple with falling domestic sales and growing overcapacity issues. Theeconomic importance of Europe’s car sector underscores the potential damage that this crisismay inflict on many EU member states.Increasing the volume of exports has been suggested as a solution to the currentpredicament of Europe’s car industry. This policy briefing provides an in-depth analysis of recent trends and possible future developments in nine mature and growing car markets,concluding that Europe’s car sector could expand its share in a number of these markets. Tariff and non-tariff barriers, however, pose a significant obstacle to this scenario and theirtimely removal is of utmost importance for the European car industry. The EuropeanCommission included improved market access in its CARS 2020 Action Plan yet the relativeease with which countries can introduce non-tariff barriers remains a cause for concern.
DG EXPO/B/PolDep/Note/2012_349 December 2012PE 491.464 EN