Chart- Ancient Roman Republic
Comparing Republican Governments
TBRRomeUnited States of AmericaExecutive
, elected by the assembly for one year; chiefexecutives of the government and commanders-in-chief of thearmy.
: elected by the people for four years;chief executive of the government and commander-in-chiefof the army.
of 300 members, chosen from aristocracy (PatricianClass) for life; controls foreign and financial policies, advisesconsuls.
: all citizen-soldiers are members for life;selects consuls, makes laws.
: citizens (Plebeian Class) grouped accordingto where they live are members for life: elects tribunes andmakes laws.
of 100 members, elected by the people for six-yearterms: makes laws, advises president onforeign policy.
House of Representatives
of 435 members, elected by thepeople for two years: makes laws, originatesrevenue bills.
: eight judges chosen for one year by CenturiateAssembly: two oversee civil and criminal courts, the othersgovern provinces.
, nine justices appointed for life bypresident: highest court, hears civil and criminalappeals cases.
: a list of rules that were the basis of Romanlegal system
: basic law of the United States
All adult male landowners. Over time, women and non-Romansgranted citizenship via military service. Does not always carrythe right to vote.All native-born or naturalized persons (application processor via military service). All citizens can vote if 18 or moreyears of age.