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L25_Tabl

L25_Tabl

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Published by Anthony Valentin

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Published by: Anthony Valentin on Dec 13, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/23/2013

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Chart- Ancient Roman Republic
Comparing Republican Governments
TBRRomeUnited States of AmericaExecutive
Two
consuls
, elected by the assembly for one year; chiefexecutives of the government and commanders-in-chief of thearmy.
President
: elected by the people for four years;chief executive of the government and commander-in-chiefof the army.
Legislative
Senate
of 300 members, chosen from aristocracy (PatricianClass) for life; controls foreign and financial policies, advisesconsuls.
Centuriate Assembly
: all citizen-soldiers are members for life;selects consuls, makes laws.
Tribal Assembly
: citizens (Plebeian Class) grouped accordingto where they live are members for life: elects tribunes andmakes laws.
Senate
of 100 members, elected by the people for six-yearterms: makes laws, advises president onforeign policy.
House of Representatives
of 435 members, elected by thepeople for two years: makes laws, originatesrevenue bills.
Judicial
Praetors
: eight judges chosen for one year by CenturiateAssembly: two oversee civil and criminal courts, the othersgovern provinces.
Supreme Court
, nine justices appointed for life bypresident: highest court, hears civil and criminalappeals cases.
Legal Code
Twelve Tables
: a list of rules that were the basis of Romanlegal system
U.S. Constitution
: basic law of the United States
Citizenship
All adult male landowners. Over time, women and non-Romansgranted citizenship via military service. Does not always carrythe right to vote.All native-born or naturalized persons (application processor via military service). All citizens can vote if 18 or moreyears of age.

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