November 2012Mexico Hub
Rare encounters of Jaguars at Pez Maya, marine conservation base
One of the most important global environmentalproblems is species extinction, caused by a chaoticgrowth of anthropogenic activities (Chávez & Ceballos2006). Jaguars (
) have been practicallyeliminated from Mexican territory because of thedestruction of their habitat. In spite of this, they are stillfound in remote areas where development is minimal,and even in areas near rural villages (Alcérreca &Robles 2005). Jaguars have suffered deliberatepersecution as hunting trophies and as a perceivedthreat to cattle (WWF 2012).
is includedin the Convention on International Trade inEndangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES) Apendix I, so any international trade of this species
parts (often in demand for Chinese traditional medicine)
or it’s hunting is strictly prohibited.
Amigos de Sian Ka’an
with the El Eden reserve aretaking part in the Jaguar corridor initiative to try to helpextend the current range of this vital predator. Theterritory of the female jaguar is about 25 and 40 km
andit can lap with the territories of other females, but theanimals avoid encountering each other if possible. Theterritories of male jaguars are twice as large. They aremostly described as nocturnal animals, although their mayor activity is at sunset and sunrise (Nowell &Jackson 1996)Jaguars are the largest predators in Tropical America,and they need enormous land extensions for their conservation. As apex predators they are crucial for thestability of the ecosystem, by regulating the populationsof the species that they hunt (Chávez & Ceballos 2006).They have the strongest bite of any cat and frequentlycatch massive marine turtles as they leave the water tonest.
Fig 1. Panthera onca, source Alcérreca & Robles 2005Fig 2. Jaguar distribution in America