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Beam Design

Beam Design

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Published by Yinka Akinkunmi
Calculation for beam design
Calculation for beam design

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Yinka Akinkunmi on Dec 14, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/20/2013

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PROJECT
REVPAGE OF
DOC. NO:
CIVIL
Loading diagrams for the beam is shown below. For detailed load calculations refer design document for pile layout.7.97 KN12.63 KN12.63 KN9.89 KN102.45 KN/m102.45 KN/m41 kN/m41 kN/m41 kN/m
AAABBBCDCC120.4468.64159.08
1.61.52.452.45 m2.001.95
DEAD LOAD DIAGRAM
90 KN198.0 KN10.35 KN16.40 KN16.40 KN
12.85 KN
35.7 kN/m
29.45 KN/m
35.7 kN/m
29.45 KN/m
35.7 kN/m
PB3ABFRW2CDW698.84473.63176.27
1.61.52.452.45 m2.001.95
LIVE LOAD DIAGRAMDESIGN FOR BENDING:i) SPAN PB3-FRW2
Width of the beam =1600mmDepth of the beam provided =600mmClear cover to main reinforcement=30mmDiameter of the bar=20mmEffective depth =
560
mmMaximum Bending moment due to dead load=143.85kNmMaximum Bending moment due to live load=124.02kNm
Design bending moment
=
401.81
kNm
Check for Effective depth,d =sqrt(Mu/(0.138x25xb)
=
269.80
mm
Since d
provided
>d
required
. Ok
M
u
/bd=
0.80
N/mm% of steel required From Table- of 
IS 456:2000
=
0.20
 Area of steel
Asfrom SP16 desin aids for reinforced conrete to IS 456
=
1792.00
mm
2
 Area of steel required = 50((1-sqrt((1-(4.6xM
u
/(f 
ck
xbdd)))/(f/f 
ck
))*bd/100=
2489.08
mm²
Check for min. & max. steel:
Min. reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.1.1a)
of IS 456:2000
 A
st
/bd=0.85/f=
1835.18
mm²Max. reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.1.1b)
of IS 456:2000
0.04bD=
38400.00
mm²
Provide 8 - T16 + 8- T12 with Asp
=
2514.29
mm²
ii) SUPPORT AT FRW2
Width of the beam =1500mmDepth of the beam provided =600mmEffective depth =
560
mmMaximum Bending moment due to dead load=293.69kNmMaximum Bending moment due to live load=317.78kNm
Design bending moment
=
917.21
kNm
M
u
/bd
=
1.95
N/mm% steel required = 50((1-sqrt((1-(4.6xM
u
/(f 
ck
xbdd)))/(f 
y
/f 
ck
))=
0.60
 Area of steel reinforcement
As
=
5040.81
mm
Check for min. & max. steel:
Min. reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.1.1a)
of IS 456:2000
 A
st
/bd=0.85/f=
1720.48
mm²Max. reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.1.1b)
of IS 456:2000
0.04bD=
36000.00
mm²
Provide 8 -T20 + 8 - T25 (TOP) with Asp
=
6442.86
mm²
iii) SPAN FRW2-W6
Width of the beam =1500mmDepth of the beam provided =600mmEffective depth =
560
mmMaximum Bending moment due to dead load=261.45kNmMaximum Bending moment due to live load=373.21kNm
Design bending moment
=
951.99
kNm
M
u
/bd
=
2.02
N/mm
2
% steel required = 50((1-sqrt((1-(4.6xM
u
/(f 
ck
xbdd)))/(f 
y
/f 
ck
))=
0.63
 Area of steel reinforcement
As
=
5069.17
mm
Check for min. & max. steel:
Min. reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.1.1a)
of IS 456:2000
 Ast/bd=0.85/fy=
1720.48
mm²Max. reinforcement as per Cl.26.5.1.1b)
of IS 456:2000
0.04bD=
36000.00
mm²
Provide 12-T25 with Asp
=
5887.50
Date
XXX.X BEAM BXX:
DOC TITLE:PROJECT :
Page of 
DeptRevDesigned by0AreaChecked by
1
 
PROJECT
REVPAGE OF
DOC. NO:
CIVIL
DateDOC TITLE:PROJECT :
Page of 
DeptRevDesigned by0AreaChecked by
DESIGN FOR SHEAR:
Maximum shear force due to dead load SF
d
=254.56kNMaximum shear force due to live load SF
l
=274.76kNDesign shear force
V
u =
(1.5xSF
d
+1.5xSF
l
))
=
793.98
kN
Design shear stress, ζv
Cl. 40.1of IS 456:2000
=
0.95
N/mm
2
Concrete shear strengthζc (From
table 19 of IS 456:2000 for
% steel of 0.60 & concrete grade M25)=
0.53
N/mm
2
 As
ζ
v
> ζ
c
, shear will be provided as per 
Cl.40.4.a of IS 456:2000, (V
us
= 0.87f
y
A
sv
d/S
v
)
Spacing required
S
v
(V
us
= V
u
- ζ
c
bd)
=
294.13
Spacing of stirrups required as per min.shear(
A
sv
= 10x50.25 =502.5 mm2) of 
26.5.1.6 of IS 456:2000
=
302.44
mmSpacing of stirrups should not exceed the following:Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 
0.75 times effective depth (26.5.1.5 of IS 456:2000
)=
420.00
mmSpacing of shear reinforcement as per 
300mm
=
300.00
mmTo keep every longitudinal bar within 150mm from vertical leg
Provide T8 - 10 legged stirrups
 As the design of shear reinforcement is done section having maximum design shear force
Provide T8 - 10 legged stirrups at 200 c/c.CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION AT SUPPORT FRW2:
Maximum Bending moment due to dead load293.69kNmMaximum Bending moment due to live load317.78kNmTotal Moment611.47KNmDistance from the compression face to the point at which crack width is calculating, a'600mmMinimum cover to the tention steel, cmin50mmDiameter of the bar25mmC/C Spacing of the bar92mmDistance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar, acr65.10mm Area of tension reinforcement provided, Ast6440mmWidth of the section at the centroid of the tention steel, bt1500mmEffective depth , d537.50mmModulus of elasticity the reinforcement (N/ mm2), Es200000N/mmModulus of elasticity of concrete reinforcement (N/ mm2), Ec (27000/2)13500N/mmOverall depth of the member, D600mma = 0.5xb750b= (Es/Ec)xAs95407.407c= -(Es/Ec)xAsxd-51281481Depth of the nuetral axis, x205.51mmLever arm, z469.00mmTensile force in reinforcement1303779.9NTensile stress in reinforcement due to bending202.45N/mmStrain in reinforcement eps
1
0.0012028eps
m
0.00102Crack Width
w
max
0.19
mmCrack width is less than 0.2 mm Hence safe.
CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION AT BOTTOM:
Maximum Bending moment due to dead load(Bending moment at the end of pedestal)232.26kNmMaximum Bending moment due to live load(Bending moment at the end of pedestal)275.86kNmTotal Moment508.12KNmDistance from the compression face to the point at which crack width is calculating, a'600mmMinimum cover to the tention steel, cmin50mmDiameter of the bar20mmDistance from the point considered to the surface of the nearest longitudinal bar, acr74.85mm Area of tension reinforcement provided, As5024mmWidth of the section at the centroid of the tention steel, bt1600mmEffective depth , d537.50mmModulus of elasticity the reinforcement (N/ mm2), Es200000N/mmModulus of elasticity of concrete reinforcement (N/ mm2), Ec13500N/mmOverall depth of the member, h600mma = 0.5xb800b= (Es/Ec)xAs74429.63c= -(Es/Ec)xAsxd-40005926Depth of the nuetral axis, x181.89mmLever arm, z476.87mmTensile force in reinforcement1065533NTensile stress in reinforcement due to bending212.09N/mmStrain in reinforcement eps
1
0.0012468eps
m
0.00099Crack Width w
max
0.198
mmCrack width is less than 0.2 mm Hence Safe.
CHECK FOR DEFLECTION:Check for Span to Effective depth ratio as per IS 456:2000
Effective Span of the beam=
6400.00
mBasic Span to effective depth ratio
( from Cl.23.2.1of IS 456:2000)
=
26.00
Modification factor due to % of tensile steel at centre of span
(Cl.23.2.1.c & Fig.4 of IS 456:2000)
=1.23Modification factor due to % of compression steel
(from Cl.23.2.1.d & Fig.5 of IS 456:2000)
=1.08Span to effective depth ratio to be provided=34.38Effective depth required=
186.16
mmEffective depth provided=
540.00
mm
Effective depth provided is more than required, Hence safe.
2
 
PROJECT :DOC TITLE:DOC. NO:Grade of Concrete, f
cu
25
Grade of Steel, f
y
415
Clear Cover, C
30
MemberLocationbD
dM
u
M
u
 /bd
2
Ast
mmmmmmmmkNmN/mm²mm²
B1
Span PB3-FRW2160060020560399.820.802057Support At FRW2160060020560919.611.835017SpanFRW2-W6160060020560963.171.925283
B2
Span W6-B36004002036088.221.13719Support At B360040020360119.931.541000Span B3-W76004002036025.320.33442
B3
Span W3-W2 & Span W2-P116005002046077.610.61565Support AT W2Support AT P1160050020460218.631.721442
B4
3004002036044.631.15364
B5
30040020360115.552.971063
B6
30040020360108.742.80987
B7
30040020360117.853.031090
B8
30050020460199.023.141453
B9
Span W4-P28 &Span P28-W316004002036032.830.161180Support W4 & W31600460204200.001376Support AT P2816001600201560775.310.205112
PB1
Span P1 - P2:300160020156056.180.08959Support P23001600201560260.430.36959Span P2-P33001600201560263.740.36959Support P33001600201560
b
= Width of the beam
C
= Clear Cover
A
st
 
= Area of steel Requir
 
MOL, HUNGARYMOL-XXX-XXX-0001DESIGN OF SUB STRUCTURE
MEMBER INFORMATIONDE

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