, compatible with the type of pump considered. This value is later adjusted separately for both thefront and back shroud vanes.
Whereas the inlet and discharge angles are physical characteristics of the impeller in its three dimensionalreality, the pattern maker, at fabrication time, can only use the corresponding
on ahorizontal plane, normal to the pump shaft.For strictly radial pumps with very low Ns, where both shrouds are essentially normal to the shaft, theactual angular values are obviously equal to the projected values. However, in practically all casesinvolving large pumps, the shape of the impeller shrouds depart significantly from straight vertical lines,especially around the inlet area.Therefore, a considerable difference exists between theactual angular values and their projected counterparts.These differences vary point to point along the length of the vanes, as a function of the
of the shrouds.It is then necessary to mathematically simulate thecurvature of both shrouds, from the eye of the impeller tothe point of discharge. We found that an
provides the best fit for the shrouds'geometry.In fact, two different equations are used for each shroud(
lower and upper sides
), because at some point towardsthe discharge, there is generally a sharp departure fromthe original curve into an almost linear pattern. This isparticularly so for radial pumps with a Ns lower than3000. But even in the case of essentially linear shrouds,an exponential fit is in order, to properly appreciate theinlet area.The coefficients of these equations are determined by calculus, to ensure a common tangent at thetransition point.
Point to Point Calculations
The impeller is then divided into 360° and, foreach shroud, the actual and projected position of the vane are determined trigonometrically, on
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