understand its meaning can vary from person to person. This, in turn, impacts the preferences from which individuals deal with environmental issues.
should best be understood as a
, and not a
. While there is no oneuniversally accepted definition, a policy generally refers to the approach one takestowards a given issue or problem. An example might be the academic dishonesty policies contained your student handbook. If you read this information, you will findthere is a specific process (or approach) taken when an individual suspects a student of cheating. Included are the procedures used to formally make the accusation, the procedural safeguards for the student to defend themselves against the accusation, and the process for resolving the question (usually a trial-like process before a tribunal). What I just described is a process that holistically can be said to be a
towards academicdishonesty.In this course, you will be asked to
how the policycame to be
. For instance, it is reasonable to conclude the policy (and process) for academic dishonesty was the result of a general question that needed answering. Thequestion may have been:
What do we do if we think a student has cheated?
This questionlikely led to a group being formed to try and answer the question. The group likelystudied the issue, and sought input from experts in various fields. They may even havelooked at how other universities handle the issue. Ultimately, a formal procedure wasestablished for dealing with cheating.
This procedure was then formalized, in writing, asan official university policy (given a stamp of approval,
in policy parlance).To understand
, you will need to understand how the policy process works generally, and also the specific
of environmental policy.
Once you understand how the policy process works, and once you have acontextual understanding of environmental problems, you can then begin to think aboutthe evaluation of policies (what makes a good versus a bad policy), as well as howspecific policies are working in context.
The Venn Diagram: Overview of the Fields of Environmental Policy
The following Venn Diagram is a visual representation of environmental policy byreferencing the contextual fields that impact environmental decisions:
Undoubtedly part of this
process included a determination of
available to handle the proposed policy put in place. In other words, providing a set of procedures to deal with accusations of cheating includes ensuring those procedures areactually instituted; if this means a ‘council’ must be created, then resources have to besecured to ensure for the creation and maintenance of that council. During this processsome consideration of the
of having this procedure in place may have been balanced against the
incurred in creating and maintaining the council.
Understanding the role of
in environmental decisions isthe
of environmental policy.