© 2012 Te German Marshall Fund o the United States. All rights reserved.No part o this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any orm or by any means without permission in writingrom the German Marshall Fund o the United States (GMF). Please direct inquiries to:Te German Marshall Fund o the United States1744 R Street, NWWashington, DC 20009 1 202 683 2650F 1 202 265 1662E email@example.comTis publication can be downloaded or ree at www.gmus.org/publications. Limited printcopies are also available. o request a copy, send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
GMF Paper Series
Te GMF Paper Series presents research on a variety o transatlantic topics by sta, ellows, and partners o the GermanMarshall Fund o the United States. Te views expressed here are those o the author and do not necessarily represent the views o GMF. Comments rom readers are welcome; reply to the mailing address above or by e-mail to email@example.com.
Te German Marshall Fund o the United States (GMF) strengthens transatlantic cooperation on regional, national, andglobal challenges and opportunities in the spirit o the Marshall Plan. GMF does this by supporting individuals and institu-tions working in the transatlantic sphere, by convening leaders and members o the policy and business communities,by contributing research and analysis on transatlantic topics, and by providing exchange opportunities to oster renewedcommitment to the transatlantic relationship. In addition, GMF supports a number o initiatives to strengthen democra-cies. Founded in 1972 as a non-partisan, non-prot organization through a gi rom Germany as a permanent memorial toMarshall Plan assistance, GMF maintains a strong presence on both sides o the Atlantic. In addition to its headquarters inWashington, DC, GMF has seven ofces in Europe: Berlin, Paris, Brussels, Belgrade, Ankara, Bucharest, and Warsaw. GMFalso has smaller representations in Bratislava, urin, and Stockholm.
About the Mediterranean Policy Program
Te Mediterranean Policy Program promotes transatlantic analysis and dialogue on issues aecting Southern Europe, NorthArica, the Levant, and the Mediterranean basin. Priority areas include: understanding trends in Mediterranean societies;exploring opportunities or south-south cooperation and integration; research on key unctional issues aecting Mediter-ranean security and development; and strengthening the North American policy debate on the region and transatlanticcooperation on Mediterranean strategy.
About Istituto Affari Internazionali
Te Istituto Aari Internazionali (IAI), ounded by Altiero Spinelli in 1965, does research in the elds o oreign policy,political economics, and international security. A non-prot organization, the IAI aims to disseminate knowledge throughresearch studies, conerences, and publications. o that end, it cooperates with other research institutes, universities, andoundations in Italy and abroad and is a member o various international networks. More specically, the main researchsectors are European institutions and policies, Italian oreign policy, trends in the global economy and internationalizationprocesses in Italy, the Mediterranean and the Middle East, deense economy and policy, and transatlantic relations. Te IAIputs out an English-language quarterly (
Te International Spectator
), an online webzine (
), a series o research papers (Quaderni IAI) and an Italian oreign policy yearbook (
La Politica Estera dell’Italia
).Cover photo: February 22, 2012: Student demonstration in Valencia streets, against the cuts in the public education andagainst the police violence. Te banner slogan reads “We are the people.” © Eduardo Luzzatti Buyé