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Birds in the Egg and Newborn Lion Cubs

Birds in the Egg and Newborn Lion Cubs

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Published by: anonymoususer2 on Dec 14, 2012
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04/05/2013

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Birds in the Egg and Newborn Lion Cus:Metaphors for the Potentialiis and Limitationsof "All-atonce Enlightenment*
Dai JACKSO(Viennasthe Bhahoo ahiee y the followe of the "siltaneos
cg car ba
ethos in fatthe sae oplete pefet Bhahoo that is taght in the stana Mahyna Bhistsiptes How an when o the qalities of all-at-one ealiation anifest theseles to anaeptThese wee qestions whih the teahes of the siltaneos o allat-one onteplatieethosin Tiet ol not easily aoi aessing One of the stategies aoptey soeteahes to get aoss thei answes an explanations on these points was to esot to nsalsiiles o exaples fo the anial wol espeially the exaples of the ion  an of twospeial ythial is whih wee thoght to e on aeay possessing extaoinary qalitiesPaaoxialy these siiles wee se not only to oney the iea of the instantaneosataliation of eakale potentialities t also to state the elaye anifestation ofenlightene qaities. The st notion ha eoe the set of otrinal ontoesy aleay inthelate 8th entry in Tiet at the eleate Sayas eate an the seon notion wasritiallyissse y at least the 3th entry. The ppose of the pesent pape is to tae soeofthe ealy appearanes of these anial iages in nian Chinese an ealy Tietan traitionsan to otne soe of the ain stages of the late isssions in Tiet

The Use of Such Similes by the Ch'an Master Mo-ho-yan
nthe history of Cental Asian Chan a notewothy instane of the se of two sh iages wasthaty the maste Mo-hoyen ( late-8th a Chinese onk foTn Hang who isite Tietanplaye an inential ole as the ain otrinal opponent of the nian paQita Kaalala attheSa-yas eate in a. 790. nee in one the fagents of his witings eoee fo TnHang(Stein 709 seon fagent f. 9a Mo-ho-yen ses peisely the siiles of a ion  anaspeial i as two of the ery few opaisons that ae sitale fo his etho ofsiltaneosan eiate eaization (anothe aeptale siile eing that of a selfsfient siplepanaea L Gez (1983 p. 16 has tanslate the eleant passage as folows
This[method] may be compared to the lion cub that even fore it has opened is eyes brings terrortothe oter animas, or to e young of the

bird who upon leaving their eggs are able to ylike ther mother. The qualities of this contemplation cannot  easily compared with other things inthis world
*
 woud i to mto r m dbtdss to th Aadr vo HumldtSttug hch sud trsarch iHamburg 
1989
tat rsutd
ts ar
 am also vr gatul to Mr. oatha Sl Dr Pau HrrsoDrzarlErhard Ms Wd Adam ad Mr r rhmar r su vaua r
 
D AN
The iagery se in these two oparisons iffers
an iportant way n the rst plae thelion  iage sees to onvey the iea that the terrifying qality of the lion (his sent or"lion-ness apparently
reay present an notieale o the other anials ieiately ponhisirth even thogh as a lose-eye ay  he laks he apaility really to o any har. nthe ase of the yhi
kavka
ir however the ir i sai to anifest itself flly evelopeat irth ieiately ale atally to y jst like an alt Ths in the rst ase soe of theotentialities of the anial reain still latent at irth (the s eyes are still lose) while in theseon ase the fll potentials of atre althoo have oe atally anifest ieiately
pon irth Ths these siiles iniate ifferent oneptions fthe all-at-one awakening:
thatit anifests ieiately as the potentiality of enite later enlightenent (the qalitiesof whihreain still erely latent), or
2
that this awakening inee
the sen anifestation of theatal qalities of perfet, oplete Bhahoo Unfortnately it is not learjst howMo-hoyen intene these iages to e nerstooAnother onfsing point aot this iagery is that the
kavika
ir here is not entione onaont of its fale qality of eing ale to sing in the egg (or on aont of its speatrallyeatifl oie)nstea it is single ot ease its wings are sai to e flly evelope anaale of ight ieiately after irth n the later Tietan traition, this parlar qality wastypially attrite not to the
kavika
t to the
yung,
a great ythial preatory irsoeties assiilate to the nian
 garu4a.
The theory of the rDogs-hen for instane wastraitionally likene to the
Khyung 
ir with alreay] perfetly evelope wings
khyung gshog rdzogs).
Bt in later Tietan aonts of the Sayas eate (fon for instane in one version ofthe
 sBa bzhe
an in the
hub pa dgongs gsal 
of Sa-skya Paita), Mo-ho-yen is sai to have sethe
khyung 
or eagle iage to illstrate another qality relate to the aility to y ie t aility toswoop own senly fro aove in orer to stress that y this etho one an reh thespirital frit in a single go withot having to strggle p laoriosly an step-y-step roelow
I
leave it to speialists in Chan an Chinese Bhis to try to eterine the ieiatesores an possile Chinese anteeents for Moho-yens se of the iages of the infant lion anythial
kalavka
ir n any ase, for the oent one ay sppose that the teahings ofMohoyen or of siilar Chinese or Tietan Chan asters ay well have een one vehile ywhih these iages an ieas entere early Tietan Bhist traitions of alat-oneenlightenent
II. Indian
rces
A The
Ksyapapavaa 
Thogh  have not yet een ale to trae the iage of the ieiately enowe neworn hikssh as of the eagle or
 garu4a
(Ti
khyung)
in nian sores, at least the iage of the
kavka
ir was eploye in a soewhat siilar way within an nian Bhist Mahyna Stra Thiswas naely in the
Kapaparvarta
(Ti
'Od n eu),
a Mahyna Stra of the Ratnak lass(see the eition of A von StaelHolstein
2
p
2
There in setion 84 a passage ors inwhih the Bha akes to Kyapa a oparison of the new Bohisattva with the
kalavka
ir
1)
I t ibaEgis dictioa o S C. Das o ds quod rom t
gon d
p'
s
n
 o i-sugs-a  oowig Tib som or
bng  go ng d
d r dbng
ord o sars rom tim it
i t gg  bird is aso usd to dscb  swtss o  Buddas voic as o o is bodimars or istac i 
Rngovbg
III
 
i
t twt-scod mar
 )
 corovrs coctd wi s accous wr  oi o darur or sv rt arics S ogrJacso
198)
L
va dr Kuij
1986)
d M Broido
1987.
I D.Jacso
990
I av ramid som o t cocusios  acd
 
Bir in
t
Egg  N L Cs
The chck of the
kv
bird dwelling within the egg, for example though its eyes are unopeneds able to overwhelm the whole assembly of birds with i deep sweet-sounding voice. Just so theBodhsattva who has produced the rst Thought of Awakenn

who is stl insde he egg of ignorance his eyes covered by the lm of darkness and dimness of karma and he emotonadelements nevertheless s able to ovehelm
l
Srvakas and Patyekabuddhas by the sound of hsappling prayes whch dedicate ts of met.

This seion of he stra
issing fro he hree earler Chinese translaons an nlike ostsetions it laks a versie sary or restateent in he Sanskrit an Tiean The Tiean infat is also issing a rief aiional seion whih is however fon in he avaiale Sanskrit textSetion

wol ths see to e a later aitonn a neary seion no

there is fon the relate exaple of the royal son given irth toy a lowly slave woan again as a point of oparison with the Bohisattva who has proe therst Thoght of Awakening Sh a son of the king wi e niversally reognize as a prine anjst so the new Bohisattva thogh he irles in Sasra an laks the fll powers to train thesenient eings aron hi will e alle a Son of the Tahgatha
B e
Ajtaatkaukavinod Sa 
As for the iage of the lion  it too an e trae to an nian Bhist sore thogh againthe stress is lai on the iportane o Bohiita an on the preoios an rearkale (thoghnot opletely atre qalities hat aopany is protion The iage is fon in the
Ajdatrukaukano StTa.
 was shown this passage y
Dr
Pal Harrison who in a personalletter esrie he sore as follows
[The iscourse on the spelling of Ajtaatrus Remorse s] a relatively early Mahyna text rsttranslated nto Chnese by Loka�ema acive c. 17190 oka�ema's translation s Tash 626;there are two other complete Chinese tnslaons by harmara�a (late 3rd century) and by Fatian(late 10th centu)The lion cub passage occurs in Bam
4 of theTbetan verson the
'Phags 
 ses dai od pa bsal
zs a ba tg 
c
po'
m
revsed by Maugarbha anRatnarakitalisted
th Ian dkar ma catalogue therefore in existence by the ginnng of the 9thcentury (see eg erge Kanur mo Tsha 211b2268b7 Thoku no 216) The prese reference(forths passage n the erge Kanur) is pp. 245a7246a7 (By the way he Chnese text ofT 626 snot signcantly different.)
nthis passage the Bohisattva Majr atteps to yiel preeene to the venerale elerMahkyapa on the asis of the latters senioriy. Bt the latter refses to aept saying that inheVinaya preeene is not esalishe y age or seniority t rather y speriority inisriinative nerstaning learning an other attainents Sine Mar is sperior in shthings Mahkyapa insiss that he shol go rst. The venerale eler hen eploys thefollowing siile Soon after a lion 
orn even thogh is powers are notoplete wherever is sent is arrie y the win the anials (even a atre elephantof sixtyyears will not e ale to ear that ell an will ee Jst so with the new Bohisattva eventhogh pon his rst protion of the Thoght of Awakening h oes not yet possess the fllpowers of isriinative nerstaning an Gnois he nevertheless oshines or overawes thervakas an Pratyekas Mahkyapa relates another exaple of the s fearlessness ponhearing th roars of other grown lions an how it ravely resolves to roar soon iself ThenMahkyapa streses th key iporane of he Thoght of Awakening an says that thepriniple of preeen i erive fro it inaly the passage ens with Majrs goingrst, anhe ohers (inling Mahkyapa following ehin at the vnerale elers insistene

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