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Chapter 12, Sections 1 & 2 Textbook Notes

Chapter 12, Sections 1 & 2 Textbook Notes

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Published by: Sonny An on Dec 15, 2012
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Sonny An
US History HonorsDecember 13th, 20121 |Page Chapter 12, Sections 1 & 2 Textbook Notes
Section 1: Growth of the Middle Class
 
 
1922:
Sinclair Lewis
publishes
Babbitt
 , about big cities (Zenith).
 
1923 to 1929: 11% income increase for American workers.
o
 
 
Standard of living
improved, as more necessities and luxuries were availableand affordable.
 
1920s: Electrical current needed to run machines (i.e. refrigerators, etc.) became readilyavailable to average Americans.
 
Farmers used Ford’s
Fordson tractors
 , mass produced wheat and corn, prices dropped.
o
 
1919: 1 bushel of corn = 5 gallons of gasoline.
o
 
1921: 1 bushel of corn = ½ gallon of gasoline.
 
1920s: Electricity vs. coal (bad for coal miners), silk vs. cotton (bad for textile factories).
 
1927: Americans owned 4 out of 5 cars o
f the world’s cars, averaging 1 motor vehicle for
every 5.3 persons.
o
 
May 27
th
 , 1927: Last 15 million Model Ts sold for $300 apiece, average Americanfamily made $2,000 a year.
o
 
1927: Model A introduced, had color variety.
 
1920s: Automobile manufacturing biggest industry, boosted other industries (i.e. steel,gasoline, etc.).
o
 
End of WWI: U.S. had 7,000 miles of concrete roads.
o
 
By 1927: 50,000 miles +10,000 miles each year.
 
Auto-mobility
” allowed city workers to move to houses in
new suburbs.
 
 
Credit
: Putting money down and paying the balance in installments.
o
 
1928: Automobiles, furniture, phonographs, washing machines and radios,refrigerators bought on credit.
 
Mass media
: 1923: Modes of communication that reached large numbers of people.
o
 
To be used by advertisers to gain consumers. Buy! Buy! Buy!
 
1920s: The age of fad
a sudden explosion of interest in some product or activity.
o
 
The Gibson Girl
: An ideal of feminine beauty before WWI, long flowing hair, etc.
o
 
Flapper
: Short hair, short clothing, etc.
 
By 1930: 51% of all high-school-age youths were in school, compared with less than 6%in 1890.
 
Sonny An
US History HonorsDecember 13th, 20122 |Page 
Section 2: The Jazz Age
 
 
October 6
th
 , 1927: First talking motion picture released,
The Jazz Singer
.
 
1926:
Rudolph Valentino
dies, 30,000 women present at funeral (lol).
 
Late 1920s: Sports increasingly popular: 1,000 tennis clubs more than 1 million players,
golf from rich man’s game
everyone.
o
 
Jack Dempsey
 , the “Manassa Mauler”: Heavyweight boxing champion, loses
title in 1926 to Gene Tunney.
 
“Honey, I forgot to duck.”
 
o
 
1926:
Gertrude Ederle
 , “Our Trudy”: First woman to swim English Channel, beating fastest man’s record by 2 hours.
 
o
 
Oscar Charleston
of the
Negro League
 
(baseball): “One of the greatest players ofall time,” however, could not play
in major leagues due to skin color.
 
Charles Lindbergh
 , “the lone eagle”: Solo flight across Atlantic in 1927.
 
o
 
1928:
Amelia Earhart
 , first woman to fly across Atlantic Ocean.
 
 Jazz from New Orleans, “African American creation.”
 
o
 
Joseph “King” Oliver’s Creole
Jazz Band
: Featuring
Louis Armstrong
.
o
 
1920s
: “The Dance Age” and “The Jazz Age.” Dances such as “The Charleston.”
 
 
Syndicates
: Chains of newspapers under centralized direction.
 
Tabloid
newspapers became all the rage, perfect for subway reading.
o
 
Richard Simon
and
Lincoln Schuster
: Publishing company founded bycrossword puzzle book.
 
Materialism
: Money/material goods > spiritual/intellectual/artistic concerns.
o
 
American writers and artists
Europe.
 
Gertrude Stein
 , “You are all a lost generation.”
 
 
Ernest Hemingway
 ,
The Sun Also Rises
 , published in 1926, concerningpost-war trauma.
 
F. Scott Fitzgerald
 ,
The Great Gatsby
 , published in 1925, concerning theemptiness of too much money.
 
Harlem Renaissance
: 1920s African American literary and artistic movement.
o
 
The New Negro
:
Alain Locke
 , professor of literature: The younger generation of
African Americans is “vibrant with a new psychology… the new spirit is awakein the masses.”
 
o
 
Langston Hughes
: Gifted poet, used jazz and blues themes and rhythms in hispoetry. 1926
: “The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain.”
 

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