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Permanent Shelters for the Homeless (India) 2012- Natl. Report on Homelessness for Supreme Court India

Permanent Shelters for the Homeless (India) 2012- Natl. Report on Homelessness for Supreme Court India

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Published by paceminterris
Among the most dispossessed and disenfranchised of all populations in the country are the urban homeless. They are deprived of the elementary protection and minimal human dignity of a roof over their heads. They are forced therefore to suffer the extremes of climates, lack even place to cook and bathe, are denied the most basic citizenship rights like ration cards, election cards and social security. They typically suffer both grave neglect and hostility of state authorities.
Among the most dispossessed and disenfranchised of all populations in the country are the urban homeless. They are deprived of the elementary protection and minimal human dignity of a roof over their heads. They are forced therefore to suffer the extremes of climates, lack even place to cook and bathe, are denied the most basic citizenship rights like ration cards, election cards and social security. They typically suffer both grave neglect and hostility of state authorities.

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Published by: paceminterris on Dec 15, 2012
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06/03/2014

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TENTH REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONERS OF THE SUPREME COURT
PERMANENT SHELTERS FOR URBAN HOMELESSPOPULATIONS_______________________________________________THE NATIONAL REPORT ON HOMELESSNESSforSUPREME COURT OF INDIAReview of Compliance of State Governments with Supreme Court OrdersUp to Dec 31, 2011Supreme Court CommissionersWR 196/2001
 
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Foreword and Acknowledgement
Among the most dispossessed and disenfranchised of all populations in the country are the urbanhomeless. They are deprived of the elementary protection and minimal human dignity of a roof over theirheads. They are forced therefore to suffer the extremes of climates, lack even place to cook and bathe, aredenied the most basic citizenship rights like ration cards, election cards and social security. They typicallysuffer both grave neglect and hostility of state authorities.Until recently they were at the periphery of public policy. A decisive turning point for the rights of homeless persons has been the interventions of the highest court in the country, which responded to ourreports of homeless people grappling against the severe Delhi winter two years ago, resulting in avoidabledeaths and intense suffering. Since then, the Supreme Court has passed a series of important orders to allstate governments to establish permanent shelters with basic services for homeless people in all majorcities, including special shelters for most vulnerable categories among the homeless, such as singlewomen and the disabled and aged.In this report, we have compiled reports from all states and UTs, to present a comprehensive updateregarding compliance by various governments country-wide to implement orders of the Supreme Court toestablish sufficient numbers of permanent homeless shelters with essential services in all major cities.From the information gathered in this report, we have found NO government of any state or UT reportsgood or satisfactory compliance. Delhi, Tamil Nadu, and Uttar Pradesh report average compliance. Thereis poor compliance in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, MadhyaPradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, and Uttarakhand.The most regrettable are the states of Maharashtra and West Bengal which report ZERO compliance.It is proposed that appropriate directions are issued to states with zero or poor compliance to take steps toobey fully the directions of the Supreme Court within 3 months, and the average states to improveperformance and bring these into the ‘good’ category.We would like to thank our National Advisor on Homeless Mr. Sandeep Chachra for taking the lead incollecting the information and helping draft this report, and Principal Advisor Mr.Biraj Patnaik, NationalAdvisor Ms. Sejal Dand and Ms. Pritha Chatterjee for providing their valuable inputs and putting togetherthis detailed and painstaking report, the first of its kind . We are grateful to the petitioner in this case MsKavita Shrivastava, and her learned counsel Colin Gonsalves. We would also like to thank our state leveladvisors and their teams for their constant efforts and helping us with field inspections, state levelinvestigations and field visits. We also express our gratitude to all the civil society groups for helping uswith field investigations and inspections. The list of persons and organizations who surveyed the sheltersin various states and UTs and contributed to the information contained in this report is given in theAnnexure.Dr. N.C Saxena Mr. Harsh Mander(Commissioner) (Special Commissioner)
 
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Contents
Page No.
 Foreword and Acknowledgement
1
 
1.
 
Chapter 1 3-10
Introduction and background
2.
 
Chapter 2 11-13
Overall Compliance Status
3.
 
Chapter 3 14-53
State wise Implementation StatusAndhra Pradesh 14Assam 16Bihar 17Chattisgarh 19Delhi 21Gujarat 23Jharkhand 25Karnataka 28Madhya Pradesh 30Maharashtra 34Odisha 36Rajasthan 39Tamil Nadu 42Uttar Pradesh 46Uttarakhand 50West Bengal 51
4.
 
Recommendations of Commissioners and Directions Sought from the Court 54-56
 Annexure

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