POLYTECHNIC OF SULTAN SALAHUDDIN ABDUL AZIZ SHAH
Mohd Sharizan Mohd Sharif
CHAPTER 1INTRODUCTION OF CNC TURNING MACHINES
A conventional engine lathe or turret lathe is a common machine in just aboutevery machine shop. A lathe is used for machining cylindrical or conical work such asshafts, rings, wheels, hores, threads and everything. The most common lathe operation isremoval or material from a round stock, using a turning tool for enternal cutting. A lathecan also be used for internal operations such as boring, as well as for grooving, threadingand everything if a proper cutting tool is used.Turret lathes are usually weaker in machining power than engine lathes, but theydo have a special carousel that holds several mounted cutting tool. An engine lathe hasoften only one or two cutting tools mounted at a time, but has more machining power.Typical lathe work controlled by CNC systems uses machines known in industry as theCNC Turning Centres or common the CNC lathes.
The term „turning center‟ is a rather unpopular, but an accurate overall description
of a computerized lathe (a CNC lathe) that can be used for a great number of machiningoperations during a single setup. For example, in addition to the standard lathe operationssuch as turning and boring, a CNC lathe can be used for drilling, grooving, threading,knurling and even burnishing.It can also be used in different modes, such as chuck work, collet work, barfeeder,or between centers. Much other combination also exists, CNC lathes are designed to holdseveral tools in special turret, and they can have a milling attachment, indexable chuck, asub spindle, a tailstock, a steadyrest and many other features not always associated with aconventional lathe design. Lathe with more than four axes also common. With constantadvances in machine tool techonologies, more CNC lathes appear on the market that are