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Seating Arrangements

Seating Arrangements

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Published by sampath

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Published by: sampath on Dec 15, 2012
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Analytical Reasoning 8Various Types and Solved Examples
There are variety of problems under Analytical Reasoning. Broadly, they can be categorisedunder the following headings.
1. Seating Arrangements(a)In a row (b)Around a table(i)Circular (ii)Any other shape (square, rectangular, etc.)2. Sequencing3. Combinations4. Comparisons5. Selections6. Series-based7. Ranking
Let us discuss and understand the details involved under each of these categories.
In these kinds of problems, some people are sitting in a row or around a table in a desiredformation. The conditions provide clues towards the actual arrangement and you have to makeuse of these clues to reach to the final arrangement.
(a) Seating arrangement in a row:
Let us understand the type with the help of the followingexample.
 Directions for questions 1 to 5:
Answer the questions based on the following information.i. A, B, C, D, E, F and G are sitting on a bench and all of them are facing East.ii. C is to the immediate right of D, but not next to F.iii. B is at the extreme end and has E as his neighbour.iv. G is between E and F.v. D is sitting third from the South end.1. Who is sitting to the right of E?(1)A (2) C (3) D (4) None2. Which of the following pairs is sitting at the extreme ends?
(1)A, B (2) A, E (3) C, B (4) F, B3. The person sitting third from the North end is_.(1)E (2) F (3) G (4) D4. Between which of the following pairs is D sitting?(1)A, C (2) A, F (3) C, E (4) C, F5. Which of the conditions from i to v given above is not required to find out the placewhere A is sitting?(1) i (2)ii (3) iii (4) All are required.
Solutions for questions 1 to 5:
From (i): A, B, C, D, E, F, G are sitting on a bench and all of them are facing East.-----------------------------------------------------------------
EastFrom (ii): DCFrom (iii): BE -----------------------OR ----------------------------------------------------EBFrom (IV): E G for FG EFrom (v):----------------D-----------
southLet us start with the arrangement obtained from condition (v).1 2 3 4 5 6 7 T Now, from (ii), we get that C will occupy seat 6. From (iii). B and E will occupy seats 1 and 2,respectively. From (iv), G and F will occupy 3 and 4 and finally the last seat 7 will be occupied by the remaining person A. From the above reasoning, we get the following final arrangement.
1.4 G is sitting to the right of E.2. 1 A and B are sitting at the extreme ends.

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