prosecuted by a court and may be punished. Also, the court mayorder therestitution of the bicycle to its rightful owner i.e., B. If thegovernment passesmany laws but does not attempt to enforcethem, the citizens lose their respect for government and law, andsociety is greatly weakened. The force used is knownas sanctionwhich the state administers to secure obedience to its laws.
The state :-
A state is a territorial division, with people thereinsubject to a uniform system of law administered by some authorityof the state. Thus, law presupposes a state.
Content of law :-
The law is a living thing and changes throughoutthe course of history. Lawresponds to public opinion and changesaccordingly. Law can never bestatic. Therefore, amendments aremade in different laws from time to time.For example, theMonopolistic and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969, hasbeensubjected to many amendments since its inception in 1969.
Two basic ideas involved in law :-
The two basic ideas involvedin any law are: (i) to maintain some form of socialorder in a groupand (ii) to compel members of the group to be within thatorder. These basic ideas underlie formulation of any rules for the membersof agroup. A group is created because first, there is a social instinctin the people tolive together and secondly, it helps them in self-preservation. Rules are made bythe members of the group, so thatthe group doesnt whither away.
Law is made to serve some purpose which may besocial,economic or political :-
Some examples of „law in the widest
sense of the term. „Law in its widest sense may include:
Moral rules or etiquettes, the non-observance of which may lead topublicridicule,
Law of the Land the non-observance of which may lead toarrest,imprisonment, fines, etc.,
Rules of international law, the non-observance of which may lead tosocialboycott, trade-sanctions, cold war, hot war, proxy war, etc
Q2. Define contract of indemnity. Describe the rights of theindemnifier and the indemnityholder.Ans:-- Meaning of indemnity-
Secs.124 and 125 provide for a contract of indemnity. Sec.124 provides that acontract of indemnity is a contract whereby one party promises to save the other from loss caused to him(the promisee) by the conduct of the promisor himself or