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Medical Electronics Unit 1 New

Medical Electronics Unit 1 New

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Published by Ezhilya Venkat

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Published by: Ezhilya Venkat on Dec 16, 2012
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VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS-2013 MEDICAL ELECTRONICS LECTURE NOTES © Ms.V.Ezhilya
 VSA SCHOOL OF ENGINEERINGDEPT OF ECE
MEDICAL ELECTRONICS
UNIT
 – 
1: RECORDING & MONITORING INSTRUMENTS
Bio electric signals and Electrodes
 – 
Biomedical Recorders
 – 
Medical display systems
 – 
 monitoring systems.
CLASS
 – 
1Topic: Medical Electronics IntroductionMedical Electronics:Def:
A branch of electronics in which electronic instruments and equipment are used forsuch medical applications as diagnosis, therapy, research, anesthesia control, cardiaccontrol, and surgery.
Cell & its Structure:
Fig: Structure of CellThe cell was discovered by 
 in 1665.
 
The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of all known livingorganisms.It is thesmallest unit of life that is classified as a living thing (exceptvirus,which consists only
 
2
VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS-2013 MEDICAL ELECTRONICS LECTURE NOTES © Ms.V.Ezhilya
from DNA/RNA covered byproteinandlipids), and is often called the
 building block of life.
 
Organisms can be classified asunicellular(consisting of a single cell; including mostbacteria)ormulticellular(includingplantsandanimals). Humans contain about 10 trillion(10
13
) cells.
 
The different substances that make up the cell are collectively known as PROTOPLASM.It is composed of 
 
1.
 
Water
 
2.
 
Electrolyte
 
3.
 
Protein
 
4.
 
Lipids
 
5.
 
Carbohydrates
 
6.
 
Cytoplasm
 
7.
 
Ribosome
 
8.
 
Lysosomes
 
9.
 
Mitochondria
 
 A cell consists of a plasma membrane, a nucleus and cytoplasm.
 
Plasma membrane
: The cell membrane or plasma membrane is abiological membranethat separates theinteriorof all cells from theoutside environment.The cell membrane isselectively permeableto ions and organic molecules and controls the movement of substances in and out of cells. The basic function of the cell membrane is
to protect thecell from its surroundings 
. It consists of thelipid bilayer with embeddedproteins.
 
Nucleus:
The nucleus is the largest cellularorganellein humans. Inmammaliancells, the average diameter of the nucleus is approximately
6 micrometers ( 
 μ
 m)
 ,
 whichoccupies about
10%
of the total cell volume. The viscous liquid within it is callednucleoplasm,and is similar in composition to thecytosolfound outside the nucleus.
 Itappears as a dense, roughly spherical organelle.
 
 
3
VSA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS-2013 MEDICAL ELECTRONICS LECTURE NOTES © Ms.V.Ezhilya
Cytoplasm:
 
The cytoplasm is the gel-like substance residing within thecell membraneholding all thecell's internal sub-structures (calledorganelles), outside thenucleus.All the contents of the cells of prokaryoteorganisms (such as bacteria, which lack acell nucleus)are contained within the cytoplasm. Within the cells of eukaryoteorganisms the contents of thecell nucleusare separated from the cytoplasm, and are then called the
.The cytoplasm is about 70% to 90% water and usually colorless.
 
Possible Questions:
1.
 
Draw the structure of cell. [2]2.
 
Define protoplasm. [2]3.
 
Define ICF & ECF. [2]4.
 
Describe the structure of cell in detail. [8]
Hints:

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