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haqdamat

haqdamat

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Published by: Samuel Ochigbo on Dec 17, 2012
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10/07/2013

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HaqdamatSeferha-Zoha
introductiontothe 
1:
abbiizkiyahopened,`
Likearos
amongthorns,soismybelovedamongthe maidens 
(SongofSongs2:2).Whoi
aros
?AssemblyofIsrael
Forthereisrose,andthenthereisarose!Justasaroseamongthornsiscoloredredand white, 
soAssemblyofIsraelincludesjudgmentandcompassion.Justasaroshasthirteenpetals,soAssemblyofIsraelhasthirteenqualitiesofcompassion surroundingHeroneveryside. 
Similarly,fromthemoment 
Elohi
)
1
rose 
Shoshanah 
)probablmeans``lily''or``lotus''inSongofSongs,buhereRabbiH izkiyahhasinmindaroseSe
VayiqraRabba
23:3; 
Shirha-ShiriRabba
on2:2
Zohar 
1:137a,221a;2:20a 
Mh
),189b;3:107a,180b,233b,286b;EzrofGerona, 
PeirushShirha-Shirim
489(lily); JosephibnAkhnin, 
PeirushShirha-Shirim
63±65(rose);MosesdeLe n
Seferha- Rimmon, 
183±84; 
ZohoreiYa'bet
ALadinotranslationoftheverse
ThLadinoFiveScrolls
ed.Lazar,4±5)reads
Commolarozaentrelosespinos,ansimconpan Ä eraentrelasduen Ä as
2
AssemblyofIsrae
Kene-  setYisra'e
).InrabbinicHebrew,thisphrasdenotesthepeopleofIsrael.Themidrashon theSongofSongsdescribesanallegoricaloveaffairbetweenthemaiden(theearthlcommunityofIsrael)andherlover(the HolyOne,blessedbeHe).Se
Shirha-ShirimRabba
on2:1.Inthe 
Zohar
KenesetYisra'el 
canrefertotheearthlycommunitybut also(oftenprimarily)t
Shekhinah
thedivinefemininecounterpartofthepeople,the aspectofGodmostintimatelyconnectewiththem.TheloversintheSongofSongarepicturedasthedivinecouple: 
Tif'ere
an
Shekhinah 
3
coloredredandwhit
Asi
Rosgallicaversicolor 
(alsoknowna
Rosamund
),oneoftheoldestofthestripedroseswhoseflowersarecrimsonsplashedonwhitebackground.Thestripingvariesand occasionallyflowersreverttothesolidpink oftheirparent
Rosagallica 
.TheparentwaintroducedtoEuropeinthetwelfthorthirteenthcenturybyCrusadersreturningfrom Palestine.Bothparentandsportwerefa- mousfortheiraromaticandmedicinalqua- lities.Elsewhere(2:20a±b)th
Zohar 
alludes totheprocessofdistillingoilfromthepe- talsoftheflowertoproducerosewater,popularremedy.Duringthisprocessthe colorgraduallychangesfromredtowhite. 4
thirteenpetals...thirteenqualitiesof compassion..
Aroseblossomcanhavthirteenpetalsinitssecondtier.Inrabbinitradition,God'sthirteenattributesofcompassionarederivedfromExodus34:6±7.See B
Roshha-Shanah 
17b.AccordingtoKab- balah,thesequalitiesoriginatei
Keter
th
 
thezoha
1:
God, 
ismentioned,itgeneratesthirteenwordstosurroundAssemblyofIsraeandprotectHer;thenitismentionedagain. 
Whyagain?Toproducefivsturdyleavessurroundingtherose. 
ThesefivearecalledSalvation
theyarfivegates
Concerningthismysteryitiswritten: 
Iraisethecupofsalvation 
(Psalms116:13).Thisisthecupofblessing,whichshouldrestonfivefingersРandnomor
Ðliketherose,sittingonfivesturdyleaves,paradigmoffive fingers.Thisroseisthecupofblessing. ``Fromthesecon
Elohi
)tillthethird,fivewordsappear.Fromheron:lightÐcreated,concealed,containedinthecovenant
1
enteringtheroseemittingseedintoHer.Thisisthe 
treebearingfruitwithitsseedini
(Genesi1:12). 
1
Thatseedenduresintheactualsignofcovenant.Justastheimageof thecovenantissowninforty-twocouplingsofthatseed,sotheengraved, explicitnam
1
issowninforty-twolettersoftheactofCreation.'
1
highes
 sefirah
therealmoftotalcompassion untaintedbyjudgment5
Elohi
)
God, 
ismentioned..
Thedivinenam
Elohi
)
God, 
refers heret
Binah
theDivineMother.Betweeitsfirstandsecondoccurrencesintheopen- ingversesofGenesistherearethirteewords,whichalludetothethirteenqualities ofcompassionoriginatingi
Keter
emanatingfrom 
Bina
andsurroundingtheroseof 
Shekhinah 
6
fivesturdyleaves..
Theleavesof roseplantsgrowinclustersoffive,nine,or thirteenleaves.Andbetweenthesecond andthirdoccurrencesof 
Elohi
)iGenesisarefivewords,alludingtofivedivineleaves:thefive 
 sefiro
emanatingfrom 
Bina
andtransmittingtheflowt
Shekhina
.Thes
 sefiro
ar
esed,Gevurah,Tif'eret 
(includin
Yesod 
)
Netsah 
an
Ho
7
Salvatio
Theflowofemanation savestheroseof 
Shekhinah 
fromthedemo- nicthornssurroundingHer8
fivegates 
Bywhichoneentersthe divinerealm9
cupofblessing...onfivefingers..
AccordingtotheTalmud,thecupofwine isheldintherighthandduringtheblessing afterfood.SeeBT 
Berakhot 
51a:``Onetakes itwithbothhandsandplacesitontheright hand.''Cf
Zohar 
1:156a
S
),250a;2:138b, 143b,157b. 10
lightÐcreated,concealed..
SeeBT 
agigah 
12a:``RabbiEl'azarsaid,`Withthe lightcreatedbytheblessedHolyOneonthe firstday,onecouldgazeandseefromone endoftheuniversetotheother.Whenthe blessedHolyOneforesawthecorruptdeeds ofthegenerationoftheFloodandthegen- erationoftheDispersion[thegenerationof theTowerofBabel],Heimmediatelyhidifromthem,asiswritten: 
Thelightofthe wickediswithhel
(Job38:15).Forwhom didHehideit?Fortherighteousinthetimtocome.''Elsewhere,theMidrashlinksthehidden lightwithPsalms97:11
Lightissownforthe righteou
.Se
Tanh uma,Shemini 
9
Shemot Rabba
35:1; 
MidrashTehilli
27:1. Rabbiizkiyahnowspecifies 
wher
thprimordiallightwasconcealed:inthecovenant,whichisanameforthe 
 sefira
o
Yesod 
Ðthedivinephallus,siteofthecovenantofcircumcision
Yesod 
isalsoknownaRighteous.See 
Zohar 
1:21a,3132a,45b; 2:35a,148b±149a;166167a,230a. 11
treebearingfruit... 
Thetreesymbolizesmaledivinity. 12
explicitnam
TheIneffableName
YHVH 
.Se
DevarimRabbah 
3:8; 
MidrashTe- hilli
114:9
Zohar 
2:48a. 13
forty-twocouplings...forty-twolettersoftheactofCreation 
Theforty-two- letternameismentionedinthenameof 
 
1:
HaqdamatSeferha-Zohar 
Be-reshi
)
Inthebeginning 
RabbiShim'onopened,`
Theblossomshaveappearedontheearth,the timeofpruninghasarrived;thevoicoftheturtledoveisheardinourland 
(SongofSongs2:12)
Theblossom
arethe actofCreation,whic
appearedontheeart
.When?Onthethirdday,asiwritten
Theearthbroughtforthvegetation 
(Genesis1:12).Thenthey 
appearedon theeart
ThetimeofpruninghasarrivedР
thefourthday,onwhic
th pruningoftyrant
(Isaiah25:5)tookplace. 
1
Me'orot 
)
lights, 
spelled deficiently. 
1
Thevoiceoftheturtledov
isthefifthday,asiswritten: 
Letthe watersswar
withaswarmoflivingcreatures,andletbirdsflyabovetheearth, acrosstheexpanseofthesky 
](Genesis1:20),generatingoffspring. 
Ishear
isthsixthday,asiswritten: 
Letusmakeahumanbeing 
(Genesis1:26),whowadestinedtodeclareactingbeforehearing,forhereiswritten:[1b] 
Na'aseh 
)
Letusmake,ahumanbeing
andthereiswritten: 
Na'aseh 
)
Wewilldo,andwewillliste
(Exodus24:7)
1
Inourland 
istheSabbathdayparadigmofthelandofeternallife. 
1
Rav,thoughnotrecorded,inBT 
Qiddushi
71a.Accordingtoonelaterview,itconsistofthefirstforty-twolettersoftheTorah, fromthe 
be
)o
Be-reshi
throughthe 
be
)o
bohu 
)
voi
(Genesis1:2). Se
Tosafot,agigah 
11b,s.v. 
eindoreshin; 
K
1:46c±d;Trachtenberg, 
JewishMagicand Superstition
94±95;cf.Maimonides
Guideof thePerplexed, 
1:62.Cordovero
O
)describes howthenam
YHVH 
(``theengraved,expliciname'')canbepermutedintoaforty-two- lettername;cf
Zohar 
2:260a.I
Zohar 
1:9a, Moses'staffisdescribedas``radiatingthe engravednameineverydirectionwiththe radianceofthewisewhoengravedthe explicitnameinforty-twocolors.''Cf
Zohar 
1:15b,30a;2:130b,and175b:``...theforty-twholylettersoftheholyname,bywhicheavenandearthwerecreated.'14
 pruningoftyrants..
 Zemi
)iusuallytranslated``singingof''inthisverse, butRabbiShim'onunderstandsitas``prun- ingof,''i.e.,thepruningofthedemonipowers,the 
tyrant
K
;cf
Zohar 
3:4b),or thepruningofhumansbythedemonictyrants
O
)15
Me'orot 
)
lights, 
spelleddeficientl
InGenesis1:14,thewor
me'orot 
)iswrittenwithout 
va
s,thevowel letters.(SuchvariantspellingiscommonitheTorahandaffectsneitherpronunciation northeplainmeaningofthewords.)Thideficientspellingimpliesthatsomething wasmissingonthefourthdayofCreation, alackrepresentingthepotentialforevilor ``curse''
me'erah 
)SeeProverbs3:33;J
Ta'ani
4:4,68b; 
Pesiqtade-RavKahana 
5:1; 
Soferi
17:4Rashiand 
Minh atSha
onGenesis1:14; 
Zohar 
1:12a,19b,33b. 16
Wewilldoandwewillliste
Spo- kenbythepeopleofIsraelatMountSinaiWiththesewords,Israeldemonstratedtrue faithbycommittingthemselvestofulfilland enactGod'swordevenbeforehearingthe details.SeeB
Shabbat 
88a. 17
paradigmoftheland..
AccordintoBT 
Berakho
57b,theSabbathis``areflec- tionoftheworldtocome.'

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