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Problems in Echocardiography 2

Problems in Echocardiography 2

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Published by: usfcards on Feb 05, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/11/2013

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HEMODYNAMICHEMODYNAMICPROBLEMS INPROBLEMS INECHOCARDIOGRAPHYECHOCARDIOGRAPHY
Daniel W Mason MD FACC FASEDaniel W Mason MD FACC FASE
 
 
CW, PW, and Color FlowCW, PW, and Color Flow
1. This is all doppler, you are all familiar 1. This is all doppler, you are all familiar with this, with a frequency shift of reflectedwith this, with a frequency shift of reflectedultrasound waves proportional to theultrasound waves proportional to thespeed of the reflecting medium.speed of the reflecting medium.ΛΛF = 2f F = 2f 
00
v/c x cosv/c x cosΘΘ2. Increasing or decreasing frequency is2. Increasing or decreasing frequency isrelated to direction of flow.related to direction of flow.
 
 
CW vs PWCW vs PW
1. The magnitude of frequency shift we can1. The magnitude of frequency shift we canmeasure depends on the frequency withmeasure depends on the frequency withwhich we can sample.which we can sample.2. CW requires 2 transducers, one is2. CW requires 2 transducers, one iscontinually sending, the other iscontinually sending, the other iscontinually receiving. Therefore, samplingcontinually receiving. Therefore, samplingfrequency is rapid so high shifts can befrequency is rapid so high shifts can bemeasured. However, there is no ranging.measured. However, there is no ranging.

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