Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more ➡
Standard view
Full view
of .
×
0 of .
Results for:
P. 1
Problems & Solutions in quantum physics

# Problems & Solutions in quantum physics

Ratings: (0)|Views: 389|Likes:
quantum mechanical problems
quantum mechanical problems

### Availability:

See More
See less

06/09/2013

pdf

text

original

1
Problems and Solutions
Exercises, Problems, and Solutions
Section 1 Exercises, Problems, and Solutions
Review Exercises1. Transform (using the coordinate system provided below) the following functionsaccordingly:
Θφ
rXZY
a. from cartesian to spherical polar coordinates3x + y - 4z = 12b. from cartesian to cylindrical coordinatesy
2
+ z
2
= 9c. from spherical polar to cartesian coordinatesr = 2 Sin
θ
Cos
φ
2. Perform a separation of variables and indicate the general solution for the followingexpressions:a. 9x + 16y
y
x= 0b. 2y +
y
x+ 6 = 03. Find the eigenvalues and corresponding eigenvectors of the following matrices:

2
a.
-1 22 2 b.
-2 0 00-1 20 2 2 4. For the hermitian matrix in review exercise 3a show that the eigenfunctions can benormalized and that they are orthogonal.5. For the hermitian matrix in review exercise 3b show that the pair of degenerateeigenvalues can be made to have orthonormal eigenfunctions.6. Solve the following second order linear differential equation subject to the specified"boundary conditions":d
2
xdt
2
+ k
2
x(t) = 0 , where x(t=0) = L, anddx(t=0)dt= 0. Exercises1. Replace the following classical mechanical expressions with their correspondingquantum mechanical operators.a. K.E. =mv
2
2in three-dimensional space.b.
p
= m
v
, a three-dimensional cartesian vector.c. y-component of angular momentum: L
y
= zp
x
- xp
z
.2. Transform the following operators into the specified coordinates:a.
L
x
=h
i
y
z- z
yfrom cartesian to spherical polar coordinates.b.
L
z
=h
-
i
∂φ
from spherical polar to cartesian coordinates.3. Match the eigenfunctions in column B to their operators in column A. What is theeigenvalue for each eigenfunction? Column A Column Bi. (1-x
2
)d
2
dx
2
- xddx4x
4
- 12x
2
+ 3ii.d
2
dx
2
5x
4
iii. xddxe
3x
+ e
-3x
iv.d
2
dx
2
- 2xddxx
2
- 4x + 2v. xd
2
dx
2
+ (1-x)ddx4x
3
- 3x4. Show that the following operators are hermitian.

3
a.
P
x
b.

L
x
5. For the following basis of functions (
Ψ
2p-1
,
Ψ
2p0
, and
Ψ
2p+1
), construct the matrixrepresentation of the
L
x
operator (use the ladder operator representation of
L
x
). Verify thatthe matrix is hermitian. Find the eigenvalues and corresponding eigenvectors. Normalizethe eigenfunctions and verify that they are orthogonal.
Ψ
2p-1
=18
π
1/2

   
Za
5/2
re
-zr/2a
Sin
θ
e
-i
φ
Ψ
2po
=1
π
1/2

   
Z2a
5/2
re
-zr/2a
Cos
θΨ
2p1
=18
π
1/2

   
Za
5/2
re
-zr/2a
Sin
θ
e
i
φ
6. Using the set of eigenstates (with corresponding eigenvalues) from the precedingproblem, determine the probability for observinga z-component of angular momentum equal to 1h
-
if the state is given by the
L
x
eigenstatewith 0h
-

L
x
eigenvalue.7. Use the following definitions of the angular momentumoperators:
L
x
=h
i
y
z- z
y,
L
y
=h
i
z
x- x
z,
L
z
=h
i
x
y- y
x, and
L
2
=
L
x2
+
L
y2
+
L
z2

,and the relationships:[
x
,
p
x
] = ih
, [
y
,
p
y
] = ih
, and [
z
,
p
z
] = ih
,to demonstrate the following operator identities:a. [
L
x
,
L
y
] = ih

L
z
,b. [
L
y
,
L
z
] = ih

L
x
,c. [
L
z
,
L
x
] = ih

L
y
,d. [
L
x
,
L
2
] = 0,e. [
L
y
,
L
2
] = 0,f. [
L
z
,
L
2
] = 0.8. In exercise 7 above you determined whether or not many of the angular momentumoperators commute. Now, examine the operators below along with an appropriate givenfunction. Determine if the given function is simultaneously an eigenfunction of bothoperators. Is this what you expected?a.
L
z,
L
2,
with function: Y
00
(
θ,φ
) =14
π
.

## Activity (7)

### Showing

AllMost RecentReviewsAll NotesLikes