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DC Machines and Transformers

DC Machines and Transformers

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Published by Mr.M.Suresh

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Published by: Mr.M.Suresh on Dec 17, 2012
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PREPARED BY A.SIVAPRAKASAM AND M.SURESH, KONGU ENGINEERING COLLEGE, PERUNDURAI Page 1
KONGU ENGINEERING COLLEGE, PERUNDURAIERODE – 638 052
(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated toAnna University of Technology, Coimbatore)
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING11EE303 – DC MACHINES AND TRANSFORMERSTWO MARKS QUESTION AND ANSWERSPREPARED BYMr.A.SIVAPRAKASAM M.E.,(Ph.D)Assistant Professor /EEEMr.M.SURESH M.E.,Assistant Professor /EEE
 
PREPARED BY A.SIVAPRAKASAM AND M.SURESH, KONGU ENGINEERING COLLEGE, PERUNDURAI Page 2
2 MARKS QUESTION AND ANSWERSELECTROMECHANICAL ENERGY CONVERSION1.
 
How electromechanical energy conversion occurs?
It occurs through the medium of the magnetic stored energy.
2.
 
What is prime mover?
The basic source of mechanical power which drives the armature of the generatoris called prime mover.
3.
 
Give the materials used in machine manufacturing
Three materials are used in machine manufacturing.(i) Steel – to conduct magnetic flux(ii) Copper – to conduct electric current(iii) Insulation
4.
 
What is MMF? Give its expression.
MMF is the work done in moving a unit magnetic pole once around the magneticcircuit.MMF = N I (Ampere turns)Where N = Number of turnsI = Current in Ampere
5.
 
Define magnetic field intensity.
It is the MMF per unit length. Ampere Turn/metreH = N I/LWhere, N = Number of Turns;I = Current in Ampere; L = Length in metre.
 
PREPARED BY A.SIVAPRAKASAM AND M.SURESH, KONGU ENGINEERING COLLEGE, PERUNDURAI Page 3
6.
 
What is reluctance?
It is the property of the magnetic material to oppose the magnetic lines of flux.S=F/ 
Φ
where F = MMF;
Φ
= Flux; S = Reluctance in Ampere Turns per Weber.
7.
 
What is quasi static field?
It is the field pattern which is fixed in space but field intensity at every pointvaries as a replica of time variation of current.
8.
 
What is leakage flux?
The flux which takes a path which is not intended for it is called leakage flux.
9.
 
What is fringing effect?
While passing through the non magnetic medium the magnetic lines of force tryto bulge out because the lines of force repel each other. This is fringing effect.
10.
 
Compare electric and magnetic circuitsMagnetic circuit Electric circuit
1. Closed path of magnetic flux Closed path for electric current2. Flux = mmf / reluctance Current= Emf / Resistance3. Reluctance=1 / a
µ
0
 
µ
r
Resistance R =
ρ
l/a4. Magnetic flux density B =
φ
 /a Current density J = I/a5. MMF drop =
φ
S Voltage drop = I R6. Magnetic field intensity H = N I/l Electric field intensity E = V/d

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