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CERES Country Profile - Macedonia

CERES Country Profile - Macedonia

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Part of CERES growing collection of country profiles
Part of CERES growing collection of country profiles

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03/03/2015

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1
Country in a Box:
Republic of Macedonia Republika Makedonija
 
Saint Panteleimon Church in Ohrid, Macedonia 
A Teacher’s Guide
 
Compiled by the Center for Eurasian, Russian and East European Studies Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University http://ceres.georgetown.edu
 
2
Macedonia in a Box: Table of Contents
Macedonia: Facts at a Glance
3-5
History of Macedonia
6-8
Timeline of Major Events in Macedonian History
8-9
Macedonian Culture
9-10
Children’s Folklore
 
10-13
 Additional Resources on Macedonia
13
 Morodvis Archaeological Ruins near Kocani
 
3
Macedonia: Facts at a Glance
 _______ Text taken directly from Central Intelligence Agency.
The World Factbook: Macedonia
. Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mk.html
Country Name
: Republic of Macedonia
Background
: Macedonia gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia in 1991. Greece's objection to the new state's use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbols delayed international recognition, which occurred under the  provisional designation of "the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia." In 1995, Greece lifted a 20-month trade embargo and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, but the issue of the name remained unresolved and negotiations for a solution are ongoing. Since 2004, the US and over 130 other nations have recognized Macedonia by its constitutional name, Republic of Macedonia. Ethnic Albanian grievances over perceived political and economic inequities escalated into an insurgency in 2001 that eventually led to the internationally brokered Ohrid Framework Agreement, which ended the fighting and established guidelines for constitutional amendments and the creation of new laws that enhanced the rights of minorities. Although Macedonia became an EU candidate in 2005, the country still faces challenges, including fully implementing the Framework Agreement, improving relations with Bulgaria, carrying out democratic reforms, and stimulating economic growth and development. Macedonia's membership in NATO was blocked by Greece at the Alliance's Summit of Bucharest in 2008.
Capital
: Skopje
Location
: Southeastern Europe, landlocked between Kosovo and Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Albania to the west, and Greece to the south.
Area
: total: 25,713 sq km (slightly larger than Vermont) land: 25,433 sq km water: 280 sq km
Terrain
: mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River

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