1INTRODUCTIONIn 1095 A.D., Western Christians of every station mobilized into armies and marchedtowards the Jerusalem looking to liberate the holy places from the tribes of Islam under theproclamation of
; “God wills it.” The first four
-year campaign resulted in temporaryvictory in the Holy Land, establishing Crusader States and the Kingdom of Jerusalem, as well asincreased authority and power to the Western Papacy of the Roman Catholic Church. Howeverthis victory came at a high cost; both sides suffered heavy casualties, Jews and Muslims alikewere massacred, and crusaders committed other violations, trespass, and destruction of privateproperty. A disorganized mob inspired seven more Crusades. The legacy of the Crusades onlywidened the schism between the Roman and Greek churches, and left centuries of believers andnon-believers asking how a Christian nation could allow this to happen. How could Jesus Christand His teachings inspire such radical violence? In examining the inciting factors that led to thisFirst Crusade and holding them to the Christian Worldview, it will be established that nothingabout this campaign could have been inspired by God.
The Crusades were by no means the world’s introduction to the concept of a hol
y war. Incenturies past, any action taken by a nation in the name of their patron deity could in that sensebe considered a religiously motivated action. Whether it was the Jewish conquest of Canaan, theJewish-Roman wars that ended the Second Temple Period or the Muslim conquests thatpreceded this Crusade, these wars were considered holy merely by precept of the communalaction of the sacred peoples engaging in them. Despite many known factors involved in the yearsleading to the Crusade, Historiographers have had difficulty identifying the one defining itscauses and justifications. The German historian Carl Erdmann in 1935 theorized that aprogressive transformation of Christian ethics, the closing gap between the powers of Church