Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
ID Accurately Reflecting One’s Gender Identity Is a Human Right

ID Accurately Reflecting One’s Gender Identity Is a Human Right

Ratings: (0)|Views: 19|Likes:
It is essential that all people—transgender or not—be given access to official documents that accurately reflect each individual’s gender identity and that respect the rights belonging to each of us as humans.
It is essential that all people—transgender or not—be given access to official documents that accurately reflect each individual’s gender identity and that respect the rights belonging to each of us as humans.

More info:

Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Center for American Progress on Dec 18, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/14/2014

pdf

text

original

 
1Center or American Progress | ID Accurately Relecting One’s Gender Identity Is a Human Right
ID Accurately Reflecting One’sGender Identity Is a Human Right
Andrew Cray and Jack Harrison December 18, 2012
Tis pas week our naion joined ohers around he globe in celebraing InernaionalHuman ighs Day, which marked he 64h anniversary o he U.N. Declaraion o Human ighs, signed on December 10, 1948. Tis documen declares ha “inher-en digniy” and “equal and inalienable righs” are he oundaion or a jus, peaceul,and ree world.
1
Decades laer hese principles coninue o guide human righs policiesesablished around he world, acing as a oundaion or he evolving global undersand-ing o wha i means o acknowledge he equaliy o all people.ransgender people, however, coninue sruggling o atain his innae righ o digniedreamen and equaliy. As he Council o Europe’s Commissioner or Human ighs hassaed, “I is clear ha many ransgender persons do no ully enjoy heir undamenalrighs boh a he level o legal guaranees and ha o everyday lie.”
2
One way in whichransgender people have sruggled is in accessing ideniy documens ha provide legalrecogniion o heir gender ideniies. Te ailure o governmens o acknowledge hegender ideniies o 
all
people represens a rejecion o he undamenal righs o sel-deerminaion, digniy, and reedom.
3
Moving orward as a global communiy, i is essenial ha all people—ransgender orno—be given access o ocial documens ha accuraely reec each individual’s gen-der ideniy and ha respec he righs belonging o each o us as humans.
 The daily importance of identity documents
Having access o ideniy documens is imporan because o he very reason hey areaken or graned: Tey are an inegral par o daily lie in mos culures. Ideniy docu-mens are needed or many aciviies o daily lie—working, voing, raveling, accessinggovernmen insiuions, and proving ha one is who one claims o be. Ye or many ransgender people, accessing his basic proo o ideniy is ou o reach, pushing hemurher ino he margins o sociey. Hisorically, many obsacles have been placed in he
 
2Center or American Progress | ID Accurately Relecting One’s Gender Identity Is a Human Right
 way o obaining accurae ID. For many ransgender people, hese nancial, medical, andlegal barriers are impossible requiremens o saisy.
4
 Adding an addiional layer o complexiy o his landscape is he wide variey o ideniy requiremens ha ciizens are required o have in many counries. In he Unied Saesalone, or example, mos people need consisen access o accurae birh cericaes,driver’s licenses, passpors, and social securiy cards. Te requiremens or hese docu-mens are se by dieren levels o governmen—boh ederal and sae—ofen requiredieren sandards or amending he inormaion hey reec, and uilize dierenadminisraive processes or amendmen.Te wo mos common orms o ideniy documens used by people across he globe,however, are birh cericaes and passpors. Tere is currenly no inernaional sandardor veriying or amending he inormaion conained on birh cericaes. Moreover,he sandards ha are in place are se by each naion or by sub-jurisdicions wihin hanaion. Similarly, sandards or passpor documenaion are se a he naional level.Passpors, however, are subjec o a oundaional se o inernaional sandards esab-lished by he Inernaional Civil Aviaion Organizaion. Te sandards se by his orga-nizaion dicae ha passpors mus include an individual raveler’s name, dae o birh,naionaliy, and sex. In he “sex” eld, he sandards dicae ha permissible opions are“M” or male, “F” or emale, or “X” or unspecied gender.
5
Counries, hereore, aregiven signican leeway o esablish policies ha arm he ideniies o ransgender andgender nonconorming ciizens, and his exibiliy should be exercised in a way haproecs he human righs o he diverse people in each naion.
 Transgender people face significant consequences from policiespreventing access to accurate identification
 When a governmen agency is unwilling o issue idenicaion ha reecs a personsideniy, hey are making a value judgmen on he legiimacy o ha ideniy and, as anexension, on an individual’s righ o ciizenship. Ye being orced o live, move, and con-ribue in sociey wihou accurae, updaed idenicaion have impacs or ransgenderpeople ha go ar beyond an adminisraive lack o access.Presening inaccurae idenicaion all oo ofen becomes a rigger or various orms o abuse and discriminaion. ransgender people who may oherwise move hrough he world undeeced by hose who would discriminae agains hem are ofen “oued” by anold gender marker, an old name, or an old phoograph.Te resuls o he Naional ransgender Discriminaion Survey, conduced by heNaional Cener or ransgender Equaliy and he Naional Gay and Lesbian ask Force,reveal how common hese oucomes are in he Unied Saes. Fory percen o respon-
 
3Center or American Progress | ID Accurately Relecting One’s Gender Identity Is a Human Right
dens who repored presening ID ha did no mach heir gender ideniy experiencedharassmen—3 percen were physically assauled and 15 percen were asked o leave hepremises where he ID had been presened.
6
Furhermore, hose respondens who wereunable o updae heir driver’s licenses repored much higher raes o discriminaion inhiring and housing.
7
Even when aniransgender bias is no specically a play, a perceived mismach beweenan individual and he inormaion on a presened ID can rigger heighened scruiny andcreae barriers o accessing services and spaces. Tis has been he case or many rans-gender voers in he Unied Saes. Leading up o he 2012 presidenial elecion, Jody Herman, Peer J. Cooper public policy ellow a he Williams Insiue a he Universiy o Los Angeles School o Law, esimaed ha as many as 25,000 ransgender voersin saes wih sric phoo ID voer requiremens could be disenranchised, no jus because o aniransgender bias bu also because hey simply may no have appeared o be he person on heir ID.
8
 Transgender people are frequently subjected to excessive requirementsto access accurate identity documents
Many counries impose resricive sandards ha require individuals seeking recogniiono heir gender o undergo unnecessary or unwaned medical procedures. In oher coun-ries, ransgender people may be barred in some siuaions rom changing heir ideniy documens o accuraely reec heir gender. And some places, including some jurisdic-ions in he Unied Saes, bar ransgender people rom changing heir legally recognizedgender under any circumsances. Tese are he harsh realiies el by ransgender peoplehroughou many pars o he world.
European Union: Requiring surgical sterilization for transgender people seekingaccurate ID
Te European Union Agency or Fundamenal ighs, or FR, has noed ha applicablesandards require ha he saes o he European Union gran legal recogniion o hegender ideniy o ransgender people ollowing “complee” ransiion.
9
Tis poin is alsoemphasized by he Council o Europe’s Commitee o Minisers, which recommendsha saes ake measures o guaranee “ull legal recogniion o a person’s gender reas-signmen,” including in ocial documens.
10
Bu he approaches aken by EU membersaes o mee his requiremen vary signicanly. Several saes do no require medicalinervenion o obain documens reecing an individual’s gender ideniy,
11
bu inopposiion o hese progressive policies are 17 EU member saes ha require rans-gender people o undergo surgical procedures resuling in serilizaion beore obainingaccurae documenaion.
12

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->