3Center or American Progress | ID Accurately Relecting One’s Gender Identity Is a Human Right
dens who repored presening ID ha did no mach heir gender ideniy experiencedharassmen—3 percen were physically assauled and 15 percen were asked o leave hepremises where he ID had been presened.
Furhermore, hose respondens who wereunable o updae heir driver’s licenses repored much higher raes o discriminaion inhiring and housing.
Even when aniransgender bias is no specically a play, a perceived mismach beweenan individual and he inormaion on a presened ID can rigger heighened scruiny andcreae barriers o accessing services and spaces. Tis has been he case or many rans-gender voers in he Unied Saes. Leading up o he 2012 presidenial elecion, Jody Herman, Peer J. Cooper public policy ellow a he Williams Insiue a he Universiy o Los Angeles School o Law, esimaed ha as many as 25,000 ransgender voersin saes wih sric phoo ID voer requiremens could be disenranchised, no jus because o aniransgender bias bu also because hey simply may no have appeared o be he person on heir ID.
Transgender people are frequently subjected to excessive requirementsto access accurate identity documents
Many counries impose resricive sandards ha require individuals seeking recogniiono heir gender o undergo unnecessary or unwaned medical procedures. In oher coun-ries, ransgender people may be barred in some siuaions rom changing heir ideniy documens o accuraely reec heir gender. And some places, including some jurisdic-ions in he Unied Saes, bar ransgender people rom changing heir legally recognizedgender under any circumsances. Tese are he harsh realiies el by ransgender peoplehroughou many pars o he world.
European Union: Requiring surgical sterilization for transgender people seekingaccurate ID
Te European Union Agency or Fundamenal ighs, or FR, has noed ha applicablesandards require ha he saes o he European Union gran legal recogniion o hegender ideniy o ransgender people ollowing “complee” ransiion.
Tis poin is alsoemphasized by he Council o Europe’s Commitee o Minisers, which recommendsha saes ake measures o guaranee “ull legal recogniion o a person’s gender reas-signmen,” including in ocial documens.
Bu he approaches aken by EU membersaes o mee his requiremen vary signicanly. Several saes do no require medicalinervenion o obain documens reecing an individual’s gender ideniy,
bu inopposiion o hese progressive policies are 17 EU member saes ha require rans-gender people o undergo surgical procedures resuling in serilizaion beore obainingaccurae documenaion.