After the demolition of the ramshackle church in 1462, from 1463 to 1470 the Sultan let build on the 11hectares wide freed site on the top of the hill a mosque complex of comparable magnificence. The resultwas theFatih Cami(English: Mosque of the Conqueror), which - although rebuilt after its destructionbecause of the earthquake of 1766 - still occupies the site and houses Mehmed's tomb.The church's mausoleums were the resting place for most Eastern Roman emperors and members of theirfamilies for seven centuries, beginning with Constantine I (d. 337) and ending with Constantine VIII (d.1028).
History of the Prophecy
This prophecy appears frequently in Orthodox publications concerning the Apocalypse, the Antichrist andthe Second Coming of Christ. There is usually a historical footnote for this prophecy:
“The aforementioned prophecy, according to historic testimonies, was written by wise and holy men on
the cover of St. Constan
tine‟s tomb when his son transferred his relics from Nicomedia to Constantinople
and interred them in the Church of the Holy Apostles. This prophecy was cryptic because in the originalGreek text, about half the letters were in each word were missing, so as to conceal the meaning until thepre-determined time of deciphering [according to some publications, this prophecy was made up of only
consonants and all the vowels were missing]. It wasn‟t until the year 1440 that the prophecy
wasdeciphered by George Scholarius (the future Patriarch Gennadius of Constantinople), which was 13 yearsbefore the Turks captured Constantinople. Over 1,100 years had passed between the time of St.
Constantine‟s death and the y
ear the prophecy was translated. The prophecy was translated when it wasuseful for the Christians and not beforehand. And even though many wise and holy men had lived inConstantinople before the time of Gennadius, only he was able to decipher it [some publications give alist of wise and learned Saints who lived in Constantinople yet could not decipher this prophecy; i.e. St.
Photius the Great, etc. though these Saints did not mention this prophecy in any of their writings].”
Gennadios left nο detailed account of the Turkish conquest of his city and the de
ath of its Emperor
Constantine. But he compiled a series of chronological observations οn the ways in which the hand of
providence could be seen to have influenced the dreadful events of his lifetime. He noted that theChristian Empire of the Romans had originated with the Emperor Constantine and his mother Helena and
had come tο its end when another Constantine, son of Helena, was Emperor and was killed in theconquest of his city. Between the first and the last Constantine there had been nο Emperor of the
samename whose mother was a Helena. He observed that the first Patriarch of Constantinople under
Constantine Ι was Metrophanes and the last Patriarch was also called Metrophanes, who died in 1443; for his successor, the Patriarch Gregory ΙΙΙ, whom Gennad
ios never recognised, went off to Rome and died
there. There was nο other Patriarch with the name of Metrophanes between the first and last. Gennadiosalso noted that the city of Constantinople had been founded οn 11 May (330), finished οn another 3 Μay
d captured οn 29 Μay (1453), so that all the events of its birth and death occurred in the month of Μay.
Finally, he recorded the prophecy that when an Emperor and a Patriarch whose names began with theletters Jo- reigned at the same time, then the end of the Empire and of the church would be at hand. So it
had come about. For the men who brought ruin οn the church in Italy (at the Council of Florence) were
Joannes the Emperor and Joseph the Patriarch. Gennadios was an accomplished scholar and retained afaith in prophecies. It had long been foretold that the world would end with the Second Coming of Christ
which, οn Byzantine calculation, was scheduled to happen in the 7000th year after the creation of the