- 3 - © Wild Heart Permaculture 2012
Background Information about Permaculture
Permaculture is a process of design based around principles in the natural world, of co-operation with people and landscape, the creation of mutually beneficial relationships, andtranslating these principles into actions. Natural systems are self-making, self-organising, highlyresilient and adaptable, which is why we try to apply their principles to our gardens and systemsthat we are managing for our needs.
Three core ethics lay the foundation to every permaculture design and inform every decision inthe design process:
Permaculture is about working
nature not against it, systems should bedesigned so that resources are used sustainably. All species need to be considered and designedfor in designs.
People care is about caring and acting for future generations as well as eachother. Self-reliance, co-operation and mutual support should be encouraged. Systems also haveto be designed to meet human and social needs.
Fair shares means limiting consumption and working for everyone to have accessto the fundamental needs of life. Surplus should be equitably distributed.
Permaculture principles are formed from observations of natural systems and successful humancommunities, they include:
Work with Nature:
Work with the elements, climatic factors, native species and naturalprocesses so that we assist rather than impede natural developments.
The problem is the solution:
Everything works both ways in nature, we can use elementsto our benefit e.g. a wind can bring coolness.
Make the least change for the greatest effect.
The yield of a system is theoretically unlimited
– what limits our gardens and systems is onlyour knowledge and imagination.
Everything gardens –
everything effects its own environment.
everything in nature has multiple functions, so every component in thedesign should function in many ways.
Produce no waste –
nothing is wasted in nature, everything is food for everything else.