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CERES Country Profile - Afghanistan

CERES Country Profile - Afghanistan

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Part of CERES growing collection of country profiles
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07/15/2013

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Shrine of Hazrat Ali, also known as the Blue Mosque, is a mosque in Mazari Sharif, Afghanistan
Country in a Box:
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Af 
ġ
ānistān
 
 A Teacher’s Guide
 
 Compiled by the Center for Eurasian, Russian and East European StudiesEdmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University http://ceres.georgetown.edu
 
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 Afghanistan in a Box: Table of Contents
Facts at a Glance 3-6History of Afghanistan 7-10 Timeline of Major Events in Afghan History 11 Afghan Culture 12-15Folklore: Shirin and Farhad 16-17 Additional Resources 18
Children at a School in Kabul, Afghanistan
Muhammad Ali Toru
 
 
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 Afghanistan: Facts at a Glance
_______
 Text and map taken directly from Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook: Afghanistan. Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/af.html
Country Name:
Afghanistan
Capital:
Kabul
Background
: Ahmad Shah Durraniunified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country servedas a buffer between the British andRussian Empires until it wonindependence from notional Britishcontrol in 1919. A brief experiment indemocracy ended in a 1973 coup and a1978 Communist counter-coup. TheSoviet Union invaded in 1979 to supportthe tottering Afghan Communist regime,touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 underrelentless pressure by internationally supported anti-Communist mujahedin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country's civil war and anarchy. Followingthe 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., a US, Allied,and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering OsamaBin Laden. The UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for politicalreconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004,and National Assembly elections in 2005. In December 2004, Hamid Karzai became the firstdemocratically elected president of Afghanistan and the National Assembly was inaugurated thefollowing December. Karzai was re-elected in August 2009 for a second term. Despite gainstoward building a stable central government, a resurgent Taliban and continuing provincial

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