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قصة الحضارة 10

قصة الحضارة 10



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Published by badr

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Published by: badr on Feb 06, 2009
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ةراضحل صق تنرويد  
ةينابسل ايح >- اهطاحنو اينابسأ ةماخف >- ة ىع دئاق رص >- ق رع ةد >- اضح ة رشا اهطاحنو اينابسأ ةماخف 1556-16651ةينابسل ايح -،اهب تناك اك ،امل ةز د تناك اينابسأ أ ةه  د زيجن يؤ ىع ام  ذ إم ىأ - ذ اهو - اهن ربع اهنأو ،ًاعا ارثكأو ااعأو ل و ىع اطربم ظعأ( ر ناث ييف ىق يحف . ف رصا اياإ مو ،ل ف ةيثيزي رجنإ2556تناك )،ان ةمو ،يم ةيوو ،ةضخ و ،وأو ،سو ،ينك نرفو ،يسوو ،ةينابس ةيارمأ كو ،ةيا ارمأ م ًءزو ،ةيج ارمأ ظمو ،ةيرغ ده زو ،يبو ،اينرسو ،ةيقصو ( ذ ىإ اض ،ىس1580-1640ذك ،ربو ،ايقرفأو ،ايسآ ف ،ةياغرب ملو اغرب ) ع ول دنارف اه  ةسدق ةينامور ةطربم م و ،ايناسو اماو ،فاس ف ةيحم  ضف رم تح ،اظ و ةابا ورهش اقم أ  دع ًاي  اينابس تناكو .ييف م سو ،ر140اقفد اهضفو ارمأ  اكو .رجنإ  اثمأ رع ب ًاس و ،ةيس  دشف ةينابس ةيطرقسل امأو ،ا ف  خفاك ر ذ ف نابسل ب امأ .ةينابسل ن ىعاكو .ًابجعو ءاربك ايطرقس
:  ةحص 9769 ةينابسل ايح >- اهطاحنو اينابسأ ةماخف >- ة ىع دئاق رص >- ق رع ةد >- اضح ة اك ةينابسل ةغ ةقث اقب ت ال م ريثك فو ،ةينابسل  اينابسأ ا ا م ي.ا  ف د ةينابسل ا ت ذك .رع ماث رق ف ةينر ةغ  د ت ان ا زم ىإ ل م دز ح ةعز تحو .يم ةينا  اينابسأ اس دع و اع  ًاأ ي ادو ةيط ف ي اع دع  دو .1560ر ام زو ، م اح  ريظن ر تسأو ،اوأ ف غث أ م ةييبشأ تحبصأو ،اينابس اعاص ةينابسلدنل ف ءغ ةبن تغبف-ًاين ًاف اسل ةي ا فد فو .ذو ةض500ف ةئا ف  .ودج دع ةاه ف بص حم ابس ف ةي يا ح ل دصو ،رع ا رقام .ًارا ةيحي قع ذ  و -)س( ةاغ اكأ ىع ق ةعا م ريثك اكو ىع تش  ورح ف وأ ايقرفأ ىع اغ ف س ديب ىع اهبع رثكأ ىقف يب ف ةمدخف ءصو ،ك ف اف ، ف يقا قو  ورقح ابسل ةماع اك دق .«ا»اس دو .ي وأ ديب ش رو د م ري -اح ش ىع ءابو ،اثيق ةبعدمو ،اع ةاغ رط 1609.اينابسأ ف ةعا ح ف ةينابسل اج ء م اع هي رط اكو 1492أ دهو يج بصأو .او اج اينابس ءا ف ًارف ر د سر ام رثكأ رحو ةيسامدا سر ءبن اهح اك  اينابسأ امأ .ةياخ اينابسأ اج ةق،رقف ف   اي ًاي ةمح ءر و ،ذ ريس ىع د اهور تكر دقف ،ا  نال اج ذ وأ ،رح ف مدخس ز اك ذ ذ م ًريثك و :  ةحص 9770 ةينابسل ايح >- اهطاحنو اينابسأ ةماخف >- ة ىع دئاق رص >- ق رع ةد >- اضح ة ( ر د ر اهند ءاف اينابسأ تضفو .اك رق ةمح اك ى ،اينابسأ اج ق ذ1557و 1575و 1596و 1607و 1627و 1647ةيا امل ذو ،دد ور ىإ ركا اه وأ ) اع ناث ر م اهر ءاهن ىإ اهجأ  1559اع «دح يال» مو ،1609ايع ا ف . .«فر» ع  «أر» ع  ن أىع  مو ، ىع ا ذ ثم ر  د أ  .ا ع ن أ ذك ايع اينابسأ فو اهواج  ،حف ورب ص ةكر فر اينابسأ  و ،  م رآ د أ ف ،ةمحاكو .ذ اهبي ةنا ،د اع ف «ةيسو» تو .راع ةيمإ ةظح إ ه-ًاضأ ةضه ف ىإ(«ااب م ةثك دشل»  م ،يدم  اك .ةي ءرث ه  رقف 1 ذ ر ا ىإ )اع فو .ةيد ةي ا وأ ايد ما إ  ور 1615راظم ف نابس  يأ حن اس ص ف ديقع )ةيصل ةيخ ة م ا أ( «ند ري ءذ » م ااب ج  يبام 
)يا ي ىع مز اقع أ-ا2 ،لو ابرو ةسواق دج تك ام ك فو .)ك ىع رج اك م  يقم  ،انرف وأ اياإ ف اك حو ايح ابم ع ي وأ يحمام  اينابسأ ف بصو .ريث اعام  ش 9.088و ،ر 32.000(نانرفو يمو أ3دعو ،) ام .اهف ف ةي ابعرا زو ،ةبير افرا رز ،ةم ئا تناكو .ييعي م دزم ا دق ناأ ف  ف ا بو .  ز ذ ر هف هزجمو يدق  ح أ اهيع امز ةي دوو ،زر ةدق ااكو بي:  ةحص 9771 ةينابسل ايح >- اهطاحنو اينابسأ ةماخف >- ة ىع دئاق رص >- ق رع ةد >- اضح ة اع فو ،ةواط و مو ا ةي ةص م «ئده» اع ام ىع1640ي ةحم ر ف تو ف و ى  ك م ره ا ف اح أ ع -«ري أ»- وربمل م ةئاط  اس  هن أ انأ إ ،ح دد ،ان س د ذ ركذن  أ ايع .ج ن ف ديق ع اعاف ءايعو ف ى ا ج أو ،يقطره ر  احس ف ر أ نابسلااص اهناإ   ام ن تأ ةمل كو ،ب م ش ج ذ ف اك دق .ةضخ لو ايناأ. ىم  اخس ب ايح ف نذ دجك - «ةد» اقا دحف ،اري اهيع ام  اهيو ف ي ةحم تضم ذو نا امأ .رد باك دقم وز أ وأ ،ةي ي ىنز أ تع  ك د م - د ةئام ع رق ري اف -رس ةهي ىإ ود  ب م ةيحي قع ذ هي و -«ودر»( اينابس ىإ ناث يف صو يو .دؤ ج وأ   هر 1559 ذي دي د ف بقس )يف دهش ةح 200.000(ءايأ ارح يو ق يقطره م رع  هسأر خش 4و .)  تح ثم ايقش اك  أ » ق  اجعإ كو ،فرف يف م ةفأر هيع ح دأ(«رل ح5،ةيند ة ا ىع اهناس يس ىإ ي ةحم  انايأ يف وا دو )نأ ء  أ دو .ييمق دو ةساح ي أ اابعا ةسؤ ذ جش  ىع و ( ىع ديبع هيع ح دخس اس6( دو ةس ف مأو .)1566 )200.000م ةياكو  .اهامو ي ةحم امر م ةمح ح يثث ين  ذ:  ةحص 9772 ةينابسل ايح >- اهطاحنو اينابسأ ةماخف >- ة ىع دئاق رص >- ق رع ةد >- اضح ة 

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