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TERMPAPER-BESSEL’S DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS, LEGENDRE’S POLYNOMIAL, RODRIGUES FORMULA AND GENERATING FUNCTION-MATH

TERMPAPER-BESSEL’S DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS, LEGENDRE’S POLYNOMIAL, RODRIGUES FORMULA AND GENERATING FUNCTION-MATH

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Published by Omkar Kumar Jha

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Published by: Omkar Kumar Jha on Dec 19, 2012
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LOVELY PROFESSIONAL UNIVERSITY
 
PHAGWARA (PUNJAB)
TERM PAPERSUB: - PARTIAL DIFFERENTTIAL EQUATION AND LINEARPROGRAMMINGCOURSE: - B-TECH MECHANICAL ENGG. (LEET-09)TOPIC:-
BESSEL’S DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS, LEGENDRE’S
POLYNOMIAL, RODRIGUES FORMULA AND GENERATINGFUNCTION
 
SUBMITTED TO; SUBMITTED BY;Mr. VINAY SIR OMKAR KUMAR JHA(MECHANICAL ENGG.) RH-4901-A1210902923
 
INTRODUCTION
BESSEL’S DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION
 
Bessel functions
, first defined by the mathematician Daniel Bernoulli and generalized by FriedrichBessel, are canonical solutions
(
 x 
) of Bessel's differential equation:
 The differential equation is
0)(
222
yn x y x y x
 
………
.. (1)
 On an interval 0 < x < b is calledBessel's differential equation of order
n
.Many physical problems involving vibrations or heat conduction in cylindrical regions give riseto this equation:Substituting;
.............
22110
mmm
 xa xa xa y
 Equation (1) takes in the form after putting the y in:
.......}])2[({})1{()(
202221221220
mmm
 xanma xnma xnma
Equating to „0‟ the coefficient of 
m
 x
, we obtain the equation
0
22
nm
(as
0
0
a
) where
nm
or
n
 
0........
7531
aaaa
 And
2202
)2(
nmaa
,
2224
)4(
nmaa
etc.These gives
    
............])4][()2[( 1)2(11
42222 2220
xnmnm  xnm xa y
m
 For
nm
, we get
    
...)3)(2)(1(!3.4 1)2)(1(!2.4 1)1(4 11
6342201
xnnn xnn xn xa y
n
 
…………….(2)
 
And for
nm
we have
 
    
...)3)(2)(1(!3.4 1)2)(1(!2.4 1)1(4 11
6342202
xnnn xnn xn xa y
n
 
………..(3)
 
BESSEL’S FUNCTION SUMMARY
 
Case I
When n is not integral or zero, the complete solution of (1) is
2211
yc yc y
 If we take
)1(2 1
0
na
n
, then the solution given by (2) is called the
Bessel‟s
function of the first kind of order n and is denoted by
)(
 x J 
n
. Thus

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