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TERMPAPER-BESSEL’S DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS, LEGENDRE’S POLYNOMIAL, RODRIGUES FORMULA AND GENERATING FUNCTION-MATH

# TERMPAPER-BESSEL’S DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS, LEGENDRE’S POLYNOMIAL, RODRIGUES FORMULA AND GENERATING FUNCTION-MATH

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Published by: Omkar Kumar Jha on Dec 19, 2012

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LOVELY PROFESSIONAL UNIVERSITY

PHAGWARA (PUNJAB)
TERM PAPERSUB: - PARTIAL DIFFERENTTIAL EQUATION AND LINEARPROGRAMMINGCOURSE: - B-TECH MECHANICAL ENGG. (LEET-09)TOPIC:-
BESSEL’S DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS, LEGENDRE’S
POLYNOMIAL, RODRIGUES FORMULA AND GENERATINGFUNCTION

SUBMITTED TO; SUBMITTED BY;Mr. VINAY SIR OMKAR KUMAR JHA(MECHANICAL ENGG.) RH-4901-A1210902923

INTRODUCTION
BESSEL’S DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION

Bessel functions
, first defined by the mathematician Daniel Bernoulli and generalized by FriedrichBessel, are canonical solutions
(
x
) of Bessel's differential equation:
The differential equation is
0)(
222
yn x y x y x

………
.. (1)
On an interval 0 < x < b is calledBessel's differential equation of order
n
.Many physical problems involving vibrations or heat conduction in cylindrical regions give riseto this equation:Substituting;
.............
22110
mmm
xa xa xa y
Equation (1) takes in the form after putting the y in:
.......}])2[({})1{()(
202221221220
mmm
xanma xnma xnma
Equating to „0‟ the coefficient of
m
x
, we obtain the equation
0
22
nm
(as
0
0
a
) where
nm
or
n

0........
7531
aaaa
And
2202
)2(
nmaa
,
2224
)4(
nmaa
etc.These gives
  
............])4][()2[( 1)2(11
42222 2220
xnmnm  xnm xa y
m
For
nm
, we get
  
...)3)(2)(1(!3.4 1)2)(1(!2.4 1)1(4 11
6342201
xnnn xnn xn xa y
n

…………….(2)

And for
nm
we have

  
...)3)(2)(1(!3.4 1)2)(1(!2.4 1)1(4 11
6342202
xnnn xnn xn xa y
n

………..(3)

BESSEL’S FUNCTION SUMMARY

Case I
When n is not integral or zero, the complete solution of (1) is
2211
yc yc y
If we take
)1(2 1
0
na
n
, then the solution given by (2) is called the
Bessel‟s
function of the first kind of order n and is denoted by
)(
x J
n
. Thus

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