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Data Unable to Prove Progress OverTime
To get a more nuanced picture of thedata, DC Action and our partners atElder Research, Inc., created a weightedprociency formula that takes intoaccount the relative proportions ofstudents at each score level: belowbasic, basic, procient and advanced.
Weighted prociency scores are givenon a 1 to 4 scale. A weighted prociencyscore of 1 means all students scored“below basic,” while a weightedprociency score of 4 means all studentsscored “advanced.”This method captures more shadesof dierence in the data than simply“percent procient.” For example, aschool where 5 students scored “belowbasic” and 10 scored “basic” wouldreceive a higher weighted prociencyscore than a school where 15 studentsscored “below basic.” We applied asimilar weighted method to analyzeprociency based on race/ethnicgroup, individual family income andneighborhood.
Our analysis o weighted prociency scores or all tested third grade students rom 2007 to 2011 could not prove any statistically signicantchanges over time. (See Figure 1.)
b The formula for weighted prociency scores is:
[1 * (# Below Basic) + 2 * (# Basic) + 3 * (# Procient)+ 4 * (# Advanced)] / Total Students Tested
Figure 1. Third Grade Profciency 2007–2011: Could Not Prove SignifcantProgress
Weighted prociency scores or each year are shown by the markers, trends are shown by the lines.
W e i g h t e d P r o ﬁ c i e n c y S c o r e
2009 2010 2011
Facts on Third Grade Profciency in DC in 2011:
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Avan – xs asty o ontnt
Point – ast ontnt
basi – appoahing asty
blow asi – littl asty
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