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Table Of Contents

Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Introducing Fedora Linux
Learning Linux Troubleshooting with Fedora
Finding Opportunities with Fedora
Going with Fedora (Without Going It Alone)
Choosing a Fedora Version
Getting Fedora
Connecting with the Fedora Project
Getting Fedora Documentation
Getting on Fedora Mailing Lists
Getting on Fedora Internet Relay Chat
Getting More Software
Giving Back to Fedora
Finding Bugs and Filing Reports
Joining Fedora Projects
Moving to Fedora Core 2
Summary
Understanding installation
Understanding Installation
Choosing Hardware
Random Access Memory (RAM)
Installation Media (CD-ROM)
Video Cards
Laptop Problems
If All Else Fails
Overcoming Installation Problems
Failing to Start the Install Process
From the Boot Prompt
Partitioning Problems
General Installation Troubleshooting Tips
Getting Linux to Boot After Installation
Adding Kernel Options After Installation
Entering Rescue Mode
Installation Troubleshooting Reference
Keeping Fedora Core up to date
Keeping Fedora Core Up to Date
Using Automated Updates
Manual Updates
Source Updates
Troubleshooting Update Problems
Upgrading to Fedora Core
Troubleshooting Upgrade Problems
Updating a Ximian Desktop
Checking Third-Party Updates
Breaking Graphics Drivers
How to Keep Your Current Red Hat Linux Systems Running
Fedora Legacy
Progeny Linux Systems
Kickstart overview
A Kickstart Overview
Starting Your Kickstart Templates
Looking Inside Your ks.cfg File
Network Enabling the ks.cfg File
Using the Red Hat Kickstart Configuration Tool
Saving Your ks files
Locking Down Desktops and Servers
Identifying Your Enterprise Desktop Needs
Identifying Your Enterprise Server Needs
Locking Down Your Template Installs
The Final %postscript
Creating a Kickstart Provisioning Server
Centralizing and Standardizing Your Kickstart Files
Creating Your Kickstart Provisioning Boot Media
Finding Red Hat Boot Images
Considering Network Install Options
Creating Customized Boot Floppies
Making a Network Install Boot CD
More Floppy and CD Customization Information
Testing Your New Kickstart Media
Floppy Installs
CD Installs
Troubleshooting Common Kickstart Problems
Kickstart Troubleshooting References
Table 4-2: Kickstart Troubleshooting References
Backup Types
Types of Backups
Which Backup Strategy Should You Use?
The Classic Elegance of Level-Based Backups
The Power of TOH
Backup Media Types and Hardware
Other Backup Hardware Tips
Backup Strategies
What to Back Up?
Backing Up the Entire Operating System
Other Important System Config Files
Backing Up Databases
Setting Up Tape Drive Devices
Shutting Off Services
Backup Tools and How to Use Them
Tar or Star
Dump/Restore
Amanda Client/Server
Other Useful Tools
Backup Examples
Using Tar Locally
Scripting Tar with Runlevel 4
Using Tar Remotely
Using Dump
Using Dump Remotely
Testing and Doing Restores
Restoring from Tar
Restoring from Dump
Restoring MySQL Databases
Server Migrations
Disk-to-Disk Magic
Software Issues
Web/Apache Gotchas
Security
Backup-Related Resources
Getting around with the shell
Getting Around with the Shell
Using Fancy Shell Tricks
Obtaining Root Privilege
Getting Root Access from the Shell
Getting Root Access from the GUI
Examining System Processes
Tracking Processes with Top
Tracing down Failed Commands with strace
Going into Rescue Mode
Detecting and Configuring Hardware
Using Kudzu to Detect Hardware
Configuring Hardware Modules
Using Network Troubleshooting Tools
Remote Login and Execution with ssh
Monitoring the LAN with Ethereal
Keeping a Session Active with Screen
Trying Network Troubleshooting Basics
Determining Your Video Card Driver
Tuning and Testing Your Video Card
Refining Video Settings with xvidtune
Video Troubleshooting Tips
Tips for Getting DRI to Work
Tips for Particular Video Cards (Chipsets)
Tips to Fix Video Crashes
Mouse Troubleshooting Tips
Video Troubleshooting Reference
Introduction to RPM
Installing, Upgrading, and Deleting Packages
Checking Software Packages
Checking Software Package Signatures
Checking Software Package Dependencies
Cross-Checking Software Package Contents
Checking Software Package Scripts
Checking Partitions and File Systems
Troubleshooting Partitions and File Systems
Checking and Tuning Your Hard Disk
Getting Information about Your Disk
Changing Hard Disk Settings
Making hdparm Changes Permanent
Managing Power Settings for Laptops
Managing Power with APM
Managing Power with ACPI
Changing Power Settings with hdparm
Disk, File System, and Power Troubleshooting References
Intrusion Detection and Response: An Overview
Intrusion Detection Tools
Red Hat Package Manager
File System Tools
Watching Your System
Third-Party Tools
Verifying Your Files with RPM
Using RPM for Maintenance
Using RPM to Check Security
Creating a Security Baseline
Making an RPM Baseline
Adding chkrootkit Scans
Automating System Scanning and Notification
A Simple Scanning Script
Running the Script
Automating the Script
Intrusion Troubleshooting
I think I’ve Been Cracked!
What Should I Do if I’ve Been Compromised?
My ISP Is Threatening Me
I Thought I Was Covered! What Happened?
Intrusion Detection Resources
Firewall Theory
Ports and the IP Stack
Port Assignments
TCP/IP Packet Structures
Firewalls in Action
Full Firewall or Trusted Access Control?
Linux Firewall Mechanisms
TCP Wrappers
iptables
TCP Wrappers: Securing Local Services
The host access Files
TCP Wrappers Troubleshooting Tips
iptables and the Single Server
iptables Configuration Tools
Configuring a Stand-Alone Server
Hands-on Testing with iptables Rules
iptables and Network Firewalls
Building Firewall Rules
Apply Security Settings
The Final Configuration
Graphical Firewall Tools
Firewall Distributions
Firewall Tools
Troubleshooting iptables
Enabling Packet Forwarding
SSH Access Denied
Conflict with ipchains
Denied Access Persists
Firewall Resources
DNS History and Theory
DNS Structure
Master and Slave DNS Servers
DNS Caching
Configuring a Master DNS Server
BIND9 Directory Structure
/etc/named.conf
The localhost Zone File
Name Service Tools
Creating Your Own Zone Files
Defining Reverse Lookups
Set-Up Tips
Slave BIND9 DNS Servers
Configuring the Slave Server
Zone Refresh Settings
BIND9 Security
Lock Down Your Name Servers
Running BIND9 in chroot Mode
Troubleshooting BIND9 and DNS Issues
The Slave Name Server Is Not Updating Itself
Using whois Effectively
A New Alias or Address Record Won’t Load
Automated DNS Zone File Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting Tools
DNS and BIND Resources
Choosing a Modem
Using PCI Modems
Using USB Modems
Using Serial Modems
Probing and Trying Your Modem
Setting Up Your Modem through the GUI
Setting Up Your Modem with minicom
Starting minicom
Displaying and Changing Modem Settings
Making Modem Settings Permanent
Modem Troubleshooting Tips
Finding Modem Troubleshooting Resources
CUPS: The Common UNIX Printing System
Getting the Right Printer
Understanding Page Description Languages
Finding Details on Print Drivers
Where to Get Help Choosing a Printer
Setting Up a Printer under Fedora Core
Setting Up a Printer during Installation
Using Red Hat’s Printer Configuration Tool
Adding a Printer Using the CUPS Web Configuration Tool
Sharing a Printer under Fedora Core
Going Beyond Setup
Troubleshooting the Basic Printer Setup
Troubleshooting Remote Printer Access
Tuning Up Your Printer
Top Troubleshooting Tips
Printing Clients Expect LPD and not CUPS
Printer Breaks Down with Jobs in the Queue
One Guy is Hogging the Printer
Nobody Can Print Outside the Local LAN
No-GUI Printer Administration
Adding a Printer with lpadmin
Printer Resources
Understanding Samba
Samba Users
Samba Shares
Basic Samba Setup
Samba Configuration Tool
Command-Line Configuration
SWAT
Configuration Resources
Using Samba
See Who Is Connected
Check an IP Address
Check Available Shares
Samba Troubleshooting Tips
Preventing Outside Access to Samba
Troubleshooting Security Modes
Troubleshooting [homes] Directory Sharing
Troubleshooting Printer Sharing
Name Service Problems in Samba
No Server Access
Performance Problems
Troubleshooting File Permission Problems
Samba Resources
Configuring NFS
The NFS Server
The NFS Client
NFS User Permissions
Troubleshooting NFS
Export Failures
Unmount Failure
Mount Failures
File and Directory Permissions
Performance Is Slow
Unexpected NFS Behavior
Monitoring NFS Behavior
NFS Troubleshooting References
Apache 2.0: An Overview
UNIX Threading
New Build System
Multiprotocol Support
Better Support for Non-UNIX Platforms
New Apache API
IPv6 Support
Filtering
Multilanguage Error Responses
Simplified Configuration
Separate Configuration Files for Apache Applications
Updated Regular Expression Library
Apache Configuration
Configuration Files
Log Files
Other Files
httpd.conf
Common Apache Usage
Migrating from Apache 1.x to 2.0
Apache 2.0 Tips and Tricks
Testing the Configuration File
Controlling User Access
Restarting versus Reloading Apache
Listing Virtual Host Settings
Listing Apache Compile-Time Options
Defining Web Directory Permissions
Tweaking Apache for Higher Loads
Server Loads and Hardware Requirements
Benchmarking
Using server-status to track performance
Apache Troubleshooting
Apache Resources
Which File Transfer Method To Use?
scp and sftp
WebDAV
Configuring and Using FTP
Restricting Access to FTP
Configuring Environmental Variables
Passive FTP
Configuring and Using scp and sftp
OpenSSH and Fedora Core
Using SCP
User Clients
SSH and Firewalls
Configuring and Using WebDAV
Defining a WebDAV Share
Securing WebDAV with SSL
Other File Transfer Solutions
Network-Based tar Backups
Keeping Multiple Servers in Sync
File Transfer Troubleshooting
File Transfer Resources
Switching between MTAs with the alternatives System
Understanding the alternatives System
Using the alternatives System
Changing Sendmail Options
Diagnosing Sendmail Problems
Using Log Files to Diagnose Problems
Diagnosing MTA Problems Using Telnet
Sendmail Troubleshooting
Not Receiving Expected E-mail Volume
Sendmail Not Accepting Connections
E-mail Address Not Deliverable
Trouble in the Queue
POP3 Not Running
Top Sendmail Problems (and Solutions)
Blacklisted IP Address
Mail Server Misconfiguration
Mail Bounces due to Dynamic IP Configuration
PostFix Overview
PostFix versus Sendmail
Configuring PostFix
Sendmail and PostFix Resources
Index
P. 1
Linux Troubleshooting Bible

Linux Troubleshooting Bible

Ratings: (0)|Views: 261|Likes:
Published by Wiley
* An indispensable resource for Fedora users who must now workwithout customer support from Red Hat, Inc., covering criticaltroubleshooting techniques for networks, internal servers, andexternal servers
* Chris Negus is a well-known Linux authority and also the authorof the top-selling Red Hat Linux Bible (0-7645-4333-4); ThomasWeeks is a trainer and administrator who manages hundreds of RedHat Linux systems
* Covers all of the most common Fedora problem areas: firewalls,DNS servers, print servers, Samba, NFS, Web servers, FTP servers,e-mail servers, modems, adding hardware, and hardwarecertification
* Features easy-to-use flowcharts that guide administrators step bystep through common Fedora troubleshooting scenarios
* A companion Web site offers troubleshooting updates to keep pacewith the frequent Fedora Core releases as well as a forum forexchanging troubleshooting tips
* An indispensable resource for Fedora users who must now workwithout customer support from Red Hat, Inc., covering criticaltroubleshooting techniques for networks, internal servers, andexternal servers
* Chris Negus is a well-known Linux authority and also the authorof the top-selling Red Hat Linux Bible (0-7645-4333-4); ThomasWeeks is a trainer and administrator who manages hundreds of RedHat Linux systems
* Covers all of the most common Fedora problem areas: firewalls,DNS servers, print servers, Samba, NFS, Web servers, FTP servers,e-mail servers, modems, adding hardware, and hardwarecertification
* Features easy-to-use flowcharts that guide administrators step bystep through common Fedora troubleshooting scenarios
* A companion Web site offers troubleshooting updates to keep pacewith the frequent Fedora Core releases as well as a forum forexchanging troubleshooting tips

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Publish date: Dec 17, 2004
Added to Scribd: Dec 20, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9780764577161
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