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Published by nicoliceastefan

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Published by: nicoliceastefan on Dec 20, 2012
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Investigators Manual
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Page 1 of 1MAIIF - Investigators Manual5/27/2003http://www.maiif.net/manual.htm
Chapter 1
Initiation of an Accident Investigation.
The Need for Investigation.
The objective of any marine casualty investigation is the prevention of further similarcasualties by discovering the reasons behind the casualty and then promulgating actions,information and recommendations where appropriate with a view to preventing similarcasualties. It is important that any recommendations arising from an investigation are basedon sound analysis and are capable of practical implementation.It follows from this that any accident, from the trivial to the major can be the subject of amarine casualty investigation. A simple personnel accident with the potential for learningsomething which could prevent recurrences might be worth investigating thoroughly while amajor collision resulting from a straightforward wrong application of the COLREGS mightnot show anything new. Another different collision might indicate a need to look at fatigue,management procedures, training, certification and bridge design. Each accident which isreported should be assessed on its merits.However, the “Code for the Investigation of Marine casualties and Incidents”
does providesome guidance. It states that:
“Flag States are encouraged to ensure that investigations are carried out into allcasualties occurring to its ships. All cases of serious and very serious casualtiesshould be investigated.”
What is a casualty?
The Code defines a casualty as an event which has resulted in:
death or serious injury (caused by or in connection with the operations of a ship)
loss of a person from a ship (caused by or in connection with the operation of aship)
the loss, presumed loss, or abandonment of a ship.
IMO Resolution A.849(20) adopted 27
November 1997.
material damage to a ship.
the stranding or disabling of a ship, or its involvement in a collision.
material damage being caused by, or in connection with the operation of a ship.
damage to the environment.However, this definition is not truly helpful and needs to be interpreted with care. Forexample, what is “material damage”? Is a minor contact while manoeuvring really acollision?A true definition of a casualty is not easy. To fulfil the purposes of marine accidentinvestigation it is obvious that all sorts of incidents may need to be investigated, so that a truedefinition is probably along the lines of :-
“any accident or incident which causes or threatens significant damage or injury”.
 Within this scope it is for the accident investigator to determine the need for investigation inrespect of each one that is reported.The Code also defines Serious Casualties and Very Serious Casualties.
Serious casualty.
 A serious casualty is a casualty which involves a fire
explosion, grounding, contact, heavyweather damage, ice damage, hull cracking or suspected hull defect resulting in:
structural damage rendering the ship unseaworthy (such as penetration of the hullunderwater, immobilisation of the main engines, extensive accommodationdamage etc.; or
pollution in any quantity; and/or
a breakdown necessitating towage or shore assistance.
Very Serious casualty
 A very serious casualty means a casualty which involves the total loss of the ship, loss of lifeor severe pollution.

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