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MARITIME ACCIDENT

MARITIME ACCIDENT

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Published by nicoliceastefan
ACCIDENT MARITIME
ACCIDENT MARITIME

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: nicoliceastefan on Dec 20, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/10/2013

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>>Objectives
 
>>Charter
 
>>Resolutions
 
>>Code
 
>>Manual
 
>>Guidelines
 
>>Comments
 
>>Contacts
 
>>Newsletters
 
>>Meetings
 
>>Related sites
 
>>Home
 
Investigators Manual
Contents
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Chapter 1:Initiation of an Accident Investigation 
(53 Kb PDF)
 
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Chapter 2:Initial Actions 
(53 Kb PDF)
 
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Chapter 3:Managing the Investigation 
(53 Kb PDF)
 
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Chapter 4:Witnesses and Interviews 
(204 Kb PDF)
 
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Chapter 5:Physical Evidence 
(220 Kb PDF)
 
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Chapter 6:Human Factors 
(251 Kb PDF)
 
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Chapter 7:Analyses, Tools, and Techniques 
(548 Kb PDF)
 
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Chapter 8:Conclusions and Recommendations 
(125 Kb PDF)
 
 Appendixes
1.The Investigator, the investigative team, and teamwork 
(145 Kb PDF)
 2.Command center/ Meeting room 
(88 Kb PDF)
 3.Personal safety during accident investigations 
(113 Kb PDF)
 4.Accident investigation checklist 
(353 Kb PDF)
 5.IMO Code for the investigation of marine casualties and incidents 
(641 Kb PDF)
 6.Quick check lists for field investigators for various accidents 
(194 Kb PDF)
 7.MAIIF contacts --http://www.maiif.net/address.htm 8.Tips from 
(227 Kb PDF)
 
 
Page 1 of 1MAIIF - Investigators Manual5/27/2003http://www.maiif.net/manual.htm
 
 
Chapter 1
Initiation of an Accident Investigation.
The Need for Investigation.
 
The objective of any marine casualty investigation is the prevention of further similarcasualties by discovering the reasons behind the casualty and then promulgating actions,information and recommendations where appropriate with a view to preventing similarcasualties. It is important that any recommendations arising from an investigation are basedon sound analysis and are capable of practical implementation.It follows from this that any accident, from the trivial to the major can be the subject of amarine casualty investigation. A simple personnel accident with the potential for learningsomething which could prevent recurrences might be worth investigating thoroughly while amajor collision resulting from a straightforward wrong application of the COLREGS mightnot show anything new. Another different collision might indicate a need to look at fatigue,management procedures, training, certification and bridge design. Each accident which isreported should be assessed on its merits.However, the “Code for the Investigation of Marine casualties and Incidents”
1
does providesome guidance. It states that:
“Flag States are encouraged to ensure that investigations are carried out into allcasualties occurring to its ships. All cases of serious and very serious casualtiesshould be investigated.”
What is a casualty?
 
The Code defines a casualty as an event which has resulted in:
death or serious injury (caused by or in connection with the operations of a ship)
loss of a person from a ship (caused by or in connection with the operation of aship)
the loss, presumed loss, or abandonment of a ship.
1
IMO Resolution A.849(20) adopted 27
th
November 1997.
 
material damage to a ship.
the stranding or disabling of a ship, or its involvement in a collision.
material damage being caused by, or in connection with the operation of a ship.
damage to the environment.However, this definition is not truly helpful and needs to be interpreted with care. Forexample, what is “material damage”? Is a minor contact while manoeuvring really acollision?A true definition of a casualty is not easy. To fulfil the purposes of marine accidentinvestigation it is obvious that all sorts of incidents may need to be investigated, so that a truedefinition is probably along the lines of :-
“any accident or incident which causes or threatens significant damage or injury”.
 Within this scope it is for the accident investigator to determine the need for investigation inrespect of each one that is reported.The Code also defines Serious Casualties and Very Serious Casualties.
Serious casualty.
 A serious casualty is a casualty which involves a fire
,
explosion, grounding, contact, heavyweather damage, ice damage, hull cracking or suspected hull defect resulting in:
structural damage rendering the ship unseaworthy (such as penetration of the hullunderwater, immobilisation of the main engines, extensive accommodationdamage etc.; or
pollution in any quantity; and/or
a breakdown necessitating towage or shore assistance.
Very Serious casualty
 A very serious casualty means a casualty which involves the total loss of the ship, loss of lifeor severe pollution.

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