Producing vs. Non-producing Definitions
are defined as those that are part of the 20 largest unconventional oil and natural gasproducing plays in the US Lower 48, such as the Bakken and Marcellus Shale plays. Producing statesalso include those states that are part of an emerging oil or natural gas play that is expected to havesizeable unconventional oil and/or natural gas production in the forecast horizon. The 16 producing statesare Arkansas, California, Colorado, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota,Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, West Virginia, and Wyoming.
are not part of the 20 largest unconventional oil and natural gas producing playsin the US Lower 48 and are not part of an emerging oil or natural gas play in the 2012 to 2035 forecasthorizon. These states may be part of plays that are currently producing oil and/or natural gas, butnevertheless are classified as non-producing states because current production is relatively small and theprospect for future unconventional production is unknown. The 32 non-producing states are Alabama, Arizona, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maine,Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, NewJersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee,Vermont, Virginia, Washington and Wisconsin. Some of these may over time move into the producingstates category.It is also important to note that the current policies of state governments toward unconventional oil andnatural gas production are assumed to continue through the forecast horizon. For example, the currentpolicy against unconventional oil and natural gas production in the state of New York is assumed tocontinue; as a consequence New York is considered a non-producing state in this study. It is recognized,however, that this could change at some point.Finally, states like California, which is anticipated to have unconventional oil production from theemerging Monterey Formation but has no current production, may make major economic contributions.While significant unconventional oil production in California is not expected to begin until late in theforecast period, the large volume of its goods and services that feed into the unconventional oil andnatural gas supply chain make California one of the largest producing states in terms of employment,government revenues and value-added.
Activity Type Definitions
Unconventional natural gas activity
represents the production of gas and liquids recovered from shalegas and tight gas plays.
Unconventional oil activity
represents the production of oil and associated gas recovered from tight oilplays.
Total unconventional activity
represents the sum of unconventional gas activity and unconventional oilactivity.