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gmc

# gmc

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12/23/2012

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GRAVITATION MULTIPLE CHOICE1.ALL EXCEPT ONE of the following are correct statements about a satellite in orbitaround the earth. Which one is the exception?A.One focus of its elliptical orbit is at the center of the earth.B.Its orbit lies in a plane that includes the center of the earth.C.A line drawn from the center of the earth to the satellite sweeps out the samearea between March 14th (Einstein's Birthday) and March 17th (St. Patrick's Day)as it does between December 25th (Newton's birthday) and December 28th.D.The satellite has its greatest speed when it is closest to the earth.E.The net force acting on the satellite is zero.2.Three satellites are in circular orbits about the earth asshown at the right. The orbit of satellite #1 has a radius R.Satellites #2 & #3 are in identical orbits of radius 2R. Themasses of the satellites are M, 2M, and 3M, respectively. IfF
1
, F
2
, and F
3
are the magnitudes of the forces on eachsatellite due to the gravitational pull of the earth, which of thefollowing correctly describes the relationship between these forces?A.F
1
> F
2
> F
3
B.F
1
> F
3
> F
2
C.F
1
= F
2
< F
3
D.F
3
= F
1
> F
2
E.F
3
< F
2
= F
1
3.Consider two thin walled concentric spherical shells of radii aand b and mass M
a
and M
b
as shown. If a mass m is placed atthe point P where P is a distance r from the center of the shells,the gravitational force on m due to both shells will be given byA.
GM
b
mr
2
B.
G(M
a
+
M
b
)mr
2
C.
GM
b
mb
2
D.
GM
b
m(r
b)
2
GM
a
m(r
a)
2
E.none of these4.A spaceship of mass m is in freefall toward a planet of mass M. As it moves froma distance R to r as measured from the center of the planet, the increase in itskinetic energy is equal to

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